Softwood Lumber Fact Sheet

Canada’s forest sector

  • Canada’s forest sector is a key industry supporting rural communities and generating $22 billion in GDP (2016)
  • Canada’s forest industry employs more than 200,000 Canadians, including 9,500 jobs in Indigenous communities (2015)
  • More than 170 rural municipalities have a significant portion of their income generated by the forest sector
  • There are over 600 mills producing softwood lumber in Canada

Canadian softwood trade

  • Canada exports softwood lumber to more than 140 countries
  • Since 2002, Canadian exports to China have increased by more than 25 times to $1.6 billion and exports to South Korea, Southeast Asia and the U.K. have increased more that 200 percent to over $700 million

Canadian softwood trade with the U.S.

  • 90% of U.S. homes are built with softwood. The U.S., however, met only 70% of its softwood lumber needs – Canada supplied virtually all of the rest
  • U.S. is the number #1 destination for Canadian forest products exports (USD $18B in 2016)
  • The U.S. National Association of Home Builders calculates that every additional $1,000 (USD) in home-costs puts home ownership out of reach of more than 150,000 American families
  • Since 2005, Canadian companies have invested over USD $5 billion in the U.S. forestry sector
  • U.S. residential construction employs 3.8 million Americans, and duties could result in loss of as many as 8,000 American jobs and millions in lost wages
  • Canada is the number #1 customer for forest products exports from 27 U.S. States (USD $7.2B in 2016)