Geomatics is defined as the modern discipline which integrates the tasks of gathering, storing, processing, modeling, analyzing, and delivering spatially referenced or location information. It encompasses the disciplines of surveying, hydrography, mapping, remote sensing (often called earth observation) and geographic information processing, often called geographic information systems (or GIS). From satellite to desktop, Natural Resources Canada provides leadership in the field of geomatics and open-source information via two organizations;

The Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation (CCMEO) is the Government of Canada's centre of excellence for geomatics, mapping and earth observations.

The Surveyor General Branch (SGB) contributes to the management of jurisdictional boundaries to ensure Canada has the boundary certainty required to exert its sovereignty and meet its legal obligations.