Biodiesel - Research

What is biodiesel?
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Research
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The National Renewable Diesel Demonstration Initiative Projects/Study

Imperial Oil-Canadian Petroleum Products Institute Biodiesel Research Project,(In English only) Imperial Oil Limited, (2009).

Sector: Various and stationary heating furnaces

Scope:

  • Cold flow performance and stability under long-term storage;
  • Performance in furnaces.

Demonstration of the Potential Use of Biodiesel for Off-Road Construction and Forest Operations (PDF, 3.1 MB), FPInnovations, 2010.

Sector: Off-road forestry and construction mobile equipment and vehicles

Scope:

  • The impacts of biodiesel use on engine lube oil dilution;
  • The impact of renewable diesel use on equipment and operations for: off-road and logging road construction; material handling in a saw mill; and harvesting and processing of timber in isolated locations in some of Canada's most challenging environments.

Demonstration of the Use of Biodiesel in Electric Generators in Remote Canadian Locations and Long-Term Storage in Fleets and Gensets (PDF, 2.1 MB), Manitoba Hydro, 2010.

Sector: On-road vehicles and stationary generators (gensets).

Scope:

  • The impact of long-term storage on dispenser filter plugging in a vehicle fleet application and alternative measures for testing for minor impurities in the fuel and how these impurities may relate to long-term storage;
  • Blending for, and use in, gensets in extreme cold temperatures in remote locations in Northern Manitoba.

Canadian Pacific Railway Biodiesel Project (PDF, 3.4 MB), Canadian Pacific Railway, 2010.

Sector: Off-road locomotives (trains)

Scope:

  • The impact of renewable diesel on locomotive operations between Calgary and Edmonton; in particular, cold weather operability and direct-to-locomotive fuelling, engine components, heating systems.

Effect of Storage on Biodiesel Quality and Performance (PDF, 4 MB), Prairie Agricultural Machinery, 2010.

Sector: Off-road agriculture mobile equipment/ Various

Scope:

  • The impact of long-term storage on fuel quality – testing of renewable diesel blends that had been stored in harvesting equipment tanks for up to ten months and renewable diesel blends that had been stored for two years in outdoor tanks.

Formation kinetics of saturated monoglyceride (SMG) based particles in biodiesel and petrodiesel blends, Royal Military College of Canada, 2010.

Sector: Various

Scope:

  • The kinetics of formation of SMG-based particles at various temperatures starting from the cloud point by monitoring sediments in the fuel against time; the chemical composition of the sediments was determined and compared to the base fuel.

National Renewable Diesel Demonstration Initiative Infrastructure Project, (PDF, 972 Kb) EcoRessources, 2010.

Sector: Petroleum Industry

Scope:

  • A study to examine infrastructure readiness for the addition of an average 2% renewable diesel to diesel and heating oil in Canada in 2011.

Other Research

Final Report (PDF, 5.7 MB), Alberta Renewable Diesel, 2009.

Sector: On-road vehicles

Scope:

  • Cold weather operability of heavy-duty trucks, school buses, and industrial heavy-duty fleets;
  • Experience with blending infrastructure.

Renewable Diesel Characterization Study (PDF, 3.5 MB), Climate Change Central, 2008.

Sector: Various

Scope:

  • Characterizing cold climate applicability of biodiesel blends;
  • Test renewable diesel blends from a variety of feedstock;
  • Identify the most promising cold climate renewable fuel feedstock and blend.

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide (PDF, 14.3 KB), National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2009.

Sector: Various

Scope:

  • A guide for proper and safe use of biodiesel and biodiesel blends in compression-ignition engines and boilers.

Biodiesel Research & Demonstration Project, (PDF, 1.3 MB) (in English only) Washington State Ferries, 2009.

Sector: Off-road marine vessels

Scope:

  • Test current fuel specifications for biodiesel blends;
  • Develop biodiesel product handling guidelines for use in a marine environment;
  • Demonstrate that biodiesel can be successfully used in marine applications in the Pacific Northwest.

Assessment of the Biodiesel Infrastructure in Canada (PDF, 3.1 MB), Natural Resources Canada, 2007.

Sector: Fuel Industry

Scope:

  • Infrastructure challenges and barriers related to the distribution of biodiesel blends.

Final Research Report (PDF, 3.3 MB), Saskatoon Biobus, 2006.

Sector: On-road vehicles

Scope:

  • Determine the long-term effect of a biodiesel blend on engine wear and fuel economy of 2- and 4-stroke transit bus engines.

Biodiesel Demonstration and Assessment with the Société de Transport de Montréal (STM), (PDF, 150 Kb) Montreal Biobus, 2003 .

Sector: On-road vehicles

Scope:

  • Test the use of biodiesel as a source of supply for public transit;
  • Assess the viability of the fuel as part of the routine operation of a bus fleet, particularly in cold weather;
  • Measure biodiesel environmental and economic impact.

Biodiesel Demonstration and Assessment for Tour Boats in the Old Port of Montreal and Lachine Canal National Historic Site (PDF, 3.1 MB), BioMer, 2005.

Sector: Off-road marine vessels

Scope:

  • Test the use of B100 as an alternative for tour boats of various sizes;
  • Assess the economic viability and benefits of biodiesel in that industry's routine operations;
  • Measure the environmental impacts.

Biodiesel Seaward Bound (PDF, 1.5 MB), BioShip, 2006.

Sector: Off-road marine vessels

Scope:

  • Operability and emissions of marine vessel power generators using biodiesel

On-Farm Evaluation of Biodiesel Use in Agricultural Equipment (PDF, 1.9 MB), BioTractor, 2007.

Sector: Off-road agricultural mobile equipment

Scope:

  • Evaluate some of the practical problems associated with on-farm biodiesel use.

Effect of Biodiesel Blends on Tractor Engine Performance, PAMI Tractor Study, 2009.

Sector: Off-road agricultural mobile equipment

Scope:

  • Operability and tailpipe emissions of tractors using a wide range of biodiesel blend levels.

Biodiesel as a Locomotive Fuel in Canada, Transport Canada, 2003.

Sector: Off-road locomotives (trains)

Scope:

  • Literature survey to evaluate the potential of biodiesel, or biodiesel blends with petroleum diesel fuel, as a suitable alternate fuel for medium-speed diesel engines used by Canadian railways.

Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuel and Oxidation Catalyst in an Underground Mine (PDF, 431 KB), DEEP, 1998

Sector: Off-road underground mining equipment

Scope:

  • Evaluate the impact of blended biodiesel fuel and modern diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) on air quality and diesel emissions in underground mines.

Effect of Biodiesel Impurities on Filterability and Phase Separation from Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends, (PDF, 480 KB, in English only) Flint Hills Resources, 2007.

Sector: Various

Scope:

  • Evaluate biodiesel impurities and filterability and phase separation from biodiesel and biodiesel blends.

Guidelines for Handling and Blending FAME (PDF, 365 KB), Conservation of Clean Air and Water in Europe, 2009.

Sector: Various

Scope:

  • Test B20 biodiesel blends in on-road vehicles on their norma routes from August 2005 to August 2006.

Hbc`s Biodiesel Pilot Project (PDF, 104 KB), Hudson's Bay Company.

Sector: On-road vehicles

Scope:

  • Test B20 biodiesel blends in on-road vehicles on their normal routes from August 2005 to August 2006.

Publication

Biodiesel User Guide – Forestry (PDF, 950 KB), FPInnovations, 2010.

Scope: Biodiesel User Guide for the Forestry Industry.

Biodiesel User Guide – Construction (PDF, 854 KB), FPInnovations, 2010.

Scope: Biodiesel User Guide for the Construction Industry.

BioFleet Website, Climate Change Central, 2010.

Scope: Websites provides information to trucking fleets and other end users of liquid fuels in Western Canada about renewable fuel blends with diesel and gasoline.

Frequently Asked Questions Booklet (PDF, 666 KB), Canadian Federation of Agriculture, 2010.

Scope: Biodiesel information for farm producers.

Biodiesel Basics (PDF, 509 KB), US Department of Energy, 2011.

Scope: General biodiesel information

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide (PDF, 15 KB), US National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2009.

Scope: Guide for those who blend, store, distribute and use biodiesel and biodiesel blends.

Biodiesel Blending Guide (PDF, 248 KB), British Columbia Transit, 2008.

Scope: Guide to purchasing and blending biodiesel.