Chillers

Energy Efficiency Regulations

Regulatory Definition

A machine, with or without an integral refrigerant condenser, that is designed to use a refrigerant cycle to remove heat from a liquid and to reject the heat to a cooling medium.

Compliance Date

Chillers manufactured on or after January 1, 2017

Test Standard

CSA C743-09

Energy Efficiency Standard

Under standard conditions
A packaged water chiller must meet the minimum coefficient of performance (COP) and integrated part-load value (IPLV) applicable to the product as per Path A or Path B of CSA C743-09, Table 10, as shown below.

Energy efficiency standard under standard conditions for packaged water chillers
Type Capacity range,
kW (tons)
Path A Path B
    COP IPLV COP IPLV
Vapour compression
Air-cooled with condenser <528 (<150) 2.802 3.664 N/A N/A
  ≥528 (≥150) 2.802 3.737 N/A N/A
Air-cooled without condenser All

Air-cooled chillers without condensers shall be rated with matching condensers and comply with the efficiency requirements for air-cooled chillers with condensers

Water-cooled, reciprocating All

Reciprocating units shall comply with water-cooled, rotary screw, scroll efficiency requirements

Water-cooled, rotary screw,
scroll
<264 (<75) 4.509 5.582 4.396 5.861
  ≥264 (≥75) and
<528 (<150)
4.538 5.718 4.452 6.001
  ≥ 528 (≥150) and
<1055 (<300)
5.172 6.063 4.898 6.513
  ≥1055 (≥300) 5.672 6.513 5.504 7.177
Water-cooled, centrifugal <528 (<150) 5.547 5.901 5.504 7.815
  ≥528 (≥150) and
<1055 (<300)
5.547 5.901 5.504 7.815
  ≥1055 (≥300) and
<2110 (<600)
6.100 6.401 5.856 8.792
  ≥2110 (≥600) 6.170 6.525 5.961 8.792
Absorption          
Single-effect absorption,
air-cooled
All 0.600 NR N/A N/A
Single-effect absorption,
water-cooled
All 0.700 NR N/A N/A
Double-effect absorption,
indirect fired
All 1.000 1.050 N/A N/A
Double-effect absorption,
direct fired
All 1.000 1.000 N/A N/A

 

Notes:

  1. COP shall be calculated as follows:
    1. absorption: COP = standard rating capacity (kW)/thermal power input (kW);
    2. centrifugal, rotary: COP = standard rating capacity (kW)/total power input (kW); and
    3. reciprocating or scroll: COP = standard rating capacity (kW)/total power input (kW).
  2. Compliance with this standard may be obtained by meeting the requirements of Path A or Path B provided that both the COP and IPLV of Path A or Path B are met.
  3. All Path B chillers shall be equipped with demand-limiting control capability.
  4. N/A = not applicable.
  5. NR = no minimum requirement.

Under nonstandard conditions (section 7 of CSA C743-09)

Water-cooled centrifugal chillers that are not designed for operation under ARI 550/590 standard test conditions (and thus cannot be tested to meet the requirements of Table 10) with 6.7 °C leaving chilled water temperature, 29.4 °C entering condenser water temperature, and 0.054 L/s•kW condenser water flow shall have minimum full-load COP and  non standard part load values (NPLV) ratings adjusted using the following equation:

Adjusted minimum full-load COP rating = (full-load COP from Table 10) × Kadj

Adjusted minimum NPLV rating = (IPLV from Table 10) × Kadj

Where:

Kadj = 6.174722 – 0.5466024(X) + 0.020394698(X)2 – 0.000266989(X)3

X = DTstd + LIFT

DTstd = [(0.267114 + 0.267088)/(full-load COP from Table 10)]/flow

flow = condenser water flow, L/s/cooling full-load capacity, kW

LIFT = CEWT– CLWT, °C

CEWT = full-load condenser entering water temperature, °C

CLWT = full-load leaving chilled water temperature, °C

The adjusted full-load COP and NPLV values shall be applicable only over the following full-load design ranges:

  1. minimum leaving chiller-water temperature: 3.3 °C;
  2. maximum condenser entering water temperature: 39 °C; and
  3. condenser water flow: 0.036 to 0.0721 L/s•kW.

Chillers designed to operate outside of these ranges and applications utilizing fluids or solutions with secondary coolants (e.g., glycol solutions or brines) with a freeze point of –2.8 °C or lower for freeze protection are not covered in regard to a minimum energy performance standard.

Energy Efficiency Reporting Requirements

  • type of product (chiller);
  • brand name;
  • model number;
  • manufacturer;
  • name of the certification body or province whose verification mark will be on the product;
  • net cooling/heating capacity, in kW (tons);
  • coefficient of performance;
  • compliance Path for the energy-efficiency standard, namely, Path A or Path B of Table 10 to CSA C743-09; and
  • integrated part-load value or non-standard part-load value and a list of non-standard conditions.

Download the energy efficiency reporting template.

This document does not constitute part of the Energy Efficiency Act (Act) or its associated regulations.  This document is an administrative document that is intended to facilitate compliance by the regulated party with the Act and its associated regulations.  This document is not intended to provide legal advice regarding the interpretation of the Act or its associated regulations. If a regulated party has questions about their legal obligations or responsibilities under the Act or its associated regulations, they should seek the advice of legal counsel.