Solid Biofuels

Canada has a long history of using biomass for heating and cooking and continues to do so today. Over the past 50 years, there has been an increase in trading of biomass fuels (biofuels) for the production of process heat, electrical power and a combination of the two. There have also been significant engineering design advancements in the biomass heating equipment (such as stoves, furnaces and boilers for homes and buildings) leading to improved performances in recent years.

Specifications and test methods for characterisation of solid biofuels are essential to the consistency and performance. Agreed upon standardization criteria give confidence to the suppliers, consumers and regulators. It also allows heating equipment manufacturers to design and engineer their systems to match the fuel specifications. The International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) has developed standards for solid biofuels which have been adapted by the Canadian Standard Association (CSA). The following series of Solid Biofuels Bulletins provides simple, easy-to-read introduction to the CAN/ISO-ISO 17225 solid biofuels standards.

Solid Biofuels Bulletin No. 1: Solid Biomass Fuels [PDF 4.31 MB]
Solid Biofuels Bulletin No. 2: Primer for Solid Biofuels – Definitions, Classes/Grades and Fuel Properties [PDF 712 KB]
Solid Biofuels Bulletin No. 3: CAN/CSA ISO Solid Biofuels Standards [PDF 453 KB]
Solid Biofuels Bulletin No. 4: Graded Wood Pellets [PDF 690 KB]
Solid Biofuels Bulletin No. 5: Graded Wood Briquettes [PDF 636 KB]
Solid Biofuels Bulletin No. 6: Graded Wood Chips [PDF 956 KB]
Solid Biofuels Bulletin No. 7: Graded Firewood [PDF 1.50 MB]