References - Ontario

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2003): Innovation in agriculture: finding the better way; Canadian Farm Manager, April/May, p. 1 –2.

Aldridge, D.C., Elliott. P. and Moggridge, G.D. (2006): Microencapsulated BioBullets for the control of biofouling zebra mussels; Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, no. 3, p. 975 –979.

Altmayer, C.A., Hutchison, B.G., Torrance-Rynard, V.L., Hurley, J., Birch, S. and Eyles, J.D. (2003): Geographical disparity in premature mortality in Ontario, 1992 –1996; International Journal of Health Geographics, v. 2, no. 7, <http://www.ij-healthgeographics.com/content/2/1/7>, [accessed January 24, 2007].

AMEC Earth and Environmental (2006): Coastal zone and climate change on the Great Lakes; report submitted to Natural Resources Canada, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Program, 95 p.

American Sportfishing Association (2001): Sportfishing in America: values of our traditional pastime; American Sportfishing Association, Alexandria, Virginia.

Andresen, J., Alagarswamy, G., Stead, D., Cheng, H. and Sea, B. (2000): Agriculture; in Preparing for a Changing Climate: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change: Great Lakes; (ed.) P. Sousounis and J. Besanz; United States Global Change Research Program, p. 69 –76.

Andrey, J. and Mills, B. (2003): Climate change and the Canadian transportation system: vulnerabilities and adaptations; in Weather and Road Transportation, (ed.) J. Andrey and C.K. Knapper; University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada., Department of Geography Publication Series, Monograph 55, p. 235 –279.

Andrey, J., Mills, B., Jones, B., Haas, R. and Hamilton, W. (1999): Adaptation to climate change on the Canadian transportation sector; report submitted to Natural Resources Canada, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Program.

Archambault, D.J., Li, X., Robinson, D., O'Donovan, J.T. and Klein, K.K. (2001): The effects of elevated CO2 and temperature on herbicide efficacy and weed/crop competition; report prepared for the Prairie Adaptation Research Collaborative (PARC), Regina, Saskatchewan, 29 p.

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Assel, R.A., Quinn, F.H. and Sellinger, C.E. (2004): Hydroclimatic factors of the recent record drop in Laurentian Great Lakes water levels; American Meteorological Society, August 2004, p. 1143 –1151.

Auld, H. and MacIver, D. (2005): Cities and communities: the changing climate and increasing vulnerability of infrastructure; Environment Canada, Adaptation and Impacts Research Group, Occasional Paper 3, 26 p.

Auld, H. and MacIver, D. (2006): Changing weather patterns, uncertainty and infrastructure risks: emerging adaptation requirements; Engineering Institute of Canada, Climate Change Technology Conference, May 10 –12, Ottawa, Ontario.

Auld, H., MacIver, D. and Klaassen, J. (2004): Heavy rainfall and waterborne disease outbreaks: the Walkerton example; Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A v. 67, no. 20-22, p.1879 –1887.

Auld, H., MacIver, D. and Klaassen, J. (2006): Adaptation options for infrastructure under changing climate conditions; Engineering Institute of Canada, Climate Change Technology Conference, May 10 –12, Ottawa, Ontario.

Banting, D., Doshi, H., Li, J. and Missios, P. (2005): Report on the environmental benefits and costs of green roof technology for the City of Toronto; report prepared for the City of Toronto and Ontario Centres of Excellence – Earth and Environmental Technologies (OEC-ETACH), Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, 63 p.

Bazzaz, F.A. (1996): Plants in Changing Environments; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 320 p.

Bellamy, S. and Boyd, D. (2005): Water use in the Grand River watershed; Grand River Conservation Authority, Cambridge, Ontario, 33 p.

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Blair, D. and Babb, J. (2002): Impacts of climate variability on the winter road season in Manitoba; report prepared for Manitoba Transportation and Government Services and the Prairie Adaptation Research Collaborative (PARC), Regina, Saskatchewan.

Boland, G., Higgins V., Hopkin, A., Nasuth, A. and Melzer, M. (2003): Climate change and plant disease in Ontario; in A Synopsis of the Known and Potential Diseases and Parasites Associated with Climate Change, (ed.) S. Griefenhagen and T. Noland; Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Forest Research Information Paper 154, p. 148 –178.

Bootsma, A., Anderson, D. and Gameda, S. (2004): Potential impacts of climate change on agroclimatic indices in southern regions of Ontario and Quebec; Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre, Technical Bulletin 03-284, 14 p.

Bootsma, A., Gameda, S., McKenny, D.W., Schut, P., Hayhoe, H.N., de Jong, R. and Huffman, E.C. (2001): Adaptation of agricultural production to climate change in Atlantic Canada; report submitted to Natural Resources Canada, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Program, 30 p., <http://res2.agr.ca/ecorc/clim/20010613_e.pdf>, [accessed August 15, 2007].

Booty, W., Lam, D., Bowen, G., Resler, O. and Leon, L. (2005): Modelling changes in stream water quality due to climate change in a southern Ontario watershed; Canadian Water Resources Journal, v. 30, no. 3, p. 211 –226.

Bowman, J., Holloway, G.L., Malcolm, J.R., Middel, K.R. and Wilson, P.J. (2005): Northern range boundary dynamics of southern flying squirrels: evidence of an energetic bottleneck; Canadian Journal of Zoology, v. 83, p. 1486 –1494.

Branfireum, B.A., Roulet, N.T., Kelly, C.A. and Rudd, J.W. (1999): In situ sulphate stimulation of mercury methylation in a boreal peatland: toward a link between acid rain and methyl-mercury contamination in remote environments; Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v. 13, p.743 –750.

Breton, M.C., Garneau, M., Fortier, I., Guay, F. and Louis, J. (2006): Relationship between climate, pollen concentrations of Ambrosia and medical consultations for allergic rhinitis in Montreal, 1994 –2002; Science of the Total Environment, v. 370, no. 1, p. 39–50.

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Brklacich, M., Bryant, C., Veenhof, B. and Beauchesne, A. (1997): Implications of global climatic change for Canadian agriculture: a review and appraisal of research from 1984 to 1997; in Canada Country Study: Climate Impacts and Adaptation — National Sectoral Issues, (ed.) G. Koshida and W. Avis; Environment Canada, v. VII, p. 219 –256.

Brown, A., Dart, J. and Quesnel, J. (2006): Climate change and watershed management at the Hemlo operations; Sudbury Restoration Workshop, February 22 –23, Sudbury, Ontario, p. 36.

Brown, J. and Palacios, M. (2005): The state of urban air in Canada; Fraser Institute, Vancouver, BC, Occasional Paper 85, 119 p.

Bruce, J., Burton, I., Martin, H., Mills, B. and Mortsch, L. (2000): Vulnerability and adaptation to climate change; report submitted to Natural Resources Canada, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Program, 144 p.

Bruce, J., Egener, M. and Noble, D. (2006): Adapting to climate change: a risk-based guide for Ontario municipalities; report submitted to Natural Resources Canada, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Program, 39 p., <http://adaptation.nrcan.gc.ca/projdb/pdf/176a_e.pdf>, [accessed August 15, 2007].

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Bryant C.R., Smit, B., Brklacich, M., Johnston, T.R., Smithers, J., Chiotti, Q. and Singh, B. (2000): Adaptation in Canadian agriculture to climatic variability and change; Climatic Change, v. 45, no. 1, p. 181–201.

Burnett, A., Kirby, W.M., Mullins, H. and Patterson, W. (2003): Increasing Great Lake –effect snowfall during the twentieth century: a regional response to global warming?; Journal of Climate, v. 16, no. 21., p. 3535 –3542.

Buttle, J., Muir, T. and Frain, J. (2004): Economic impacts of climate change on the Canadian Great Lakes hydro-electric power producers: a supply analysis; Canadian Water Resources Journal, v. 29, no. 2, p. 89 –110.

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Canadian Climate Impacts and Adaptation Research Network – Agriculture (2002): Report from producer survey at Canada's Outdoor Farmshow, Woodstock, Ontario; Canadian Climate Impacts and Adaptation Research Network – Agriculture, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario.

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (2003): Climate, nature, people: indicators of Canada's changing climate; Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 45 p.

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Candau, J.N. and Fleming, R.A. (2005): Landscape-scale spatial distribution of spruce budworm defoliation in relation to bioclimatic conditions; Canadian Journal of Forest Research, v. 35, no. 9, p. 2218–2232.

Candau, J.N., Fleming, R.A. and Hopkin, A. (1998): Spatiotemporal patterns of large-scale defoliation caused by the spruce budworm in Ontario since 1941; Canadian Journal of Forest Research, v. 28, no. 11, p. 1733 –1741.

Casselman, J.M. (2002): Effects of temperature, global extremes, and climate change on year-class production of warmwater, coolwater, and coldwater fishes in the Great Lakes basin; in Fisheries in a Changing Climate, (ed.) N.A. McGinn; American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, p. 39 –60.

Casselman, J.M. (2005): Effects of climate and climate change on lake trout populations and fisheries (extended abstracts); Second North American Lake Trout Symposium, August 26 –29, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories.

Casselman, J.M. and Scott, K.A. (2003): Fish-community dynamics of Lake Ontario — long-term trends in the fish populations of eastern Lake Ontario and the Bay of Quinte; in State of Lake Ontario: Past, Present and Future, (ed.) M. Munawar; Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society, Ecovision World Monograph Series, p. 349 –383.

Casselman, J.M., Brown, D.M., Hoyle, J.A. and Eckert, T.H. (2002): Effects of climate and global warming on year-class strength and relative abundance of smallmouth bass in eastern Lake Ontario; in Black Bass: Ecology, Conservation and Management, (ed.) D. Philipp and M.S. Ridgway; American Fisheries Society Symposium 31, Bethesda, Maryland, p. 73–90.

Chakraborty, S., Tiedemann, A.V. and Teng, P.S. (2000): Climate change: potential impact on plant diseases; Environmental Pollution, v.108, no. 3, p. 317 –326.

Changnon, S. (2004): Temporal behaviour of levels of the Great Lakes and climate variability; Journal of Great Lakes Research, v. 30, no. 1, p. 184 –200.

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Charron, D. and Sockett, P. (2005): Climate change: preparing for the health impacts; Health Policy Research Bulletin, Issue 11, November, p. 1 –4.

Charron, D., Waltner-Toews, D., Maarouf, A. and Stalker, M. (2003): A synopsis of known and potential diseases and parasites of humans and animals associated with climate change; in A Synopsis of Known and Potential Diseases and Parasites Associated with Climate Change, (comp.) S. Greifenhagen and T.L. Noland; Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Forest Research Information Paper 154, 200 p.

Chen, J.M., Chen, B., Higuchi, K., Liu, J, Chan, D., Worthy, D., Tans, P. and Black, A. (2006): Boreal ecosystems sequestered more carbon in warmer years; Geophysical Research Letters, v. 33, L10803, 4 p.

Cheng, S., Auld, H., Li, G., Klaassen, J. and Li, Q. (2007): Possible impacts of climate change on freezing rain in south-central Canada using downscaled future climate scenarios; Natural Hazards and Earth Science Systems, v. 7, no. 1, p. 71 –87.

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Chiotti, Q., Brown, C.A. and Pattenden, M. (2005): Energy efficiency and energy from renewables: bringing mitigation and adaptation together; in Climate Change: Building the Adaptive Capacity (international conference on adaptation science, management and policy options), (ed.) A. Fenech, D. MacIver, H. Auld, R. Bing Rong and Y. Yin; Environment Canada, p. 235 –253.

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