Forestry in Canada

Sustainable forest management in Canada
Find out how forest ownership, laws, certification, management and planning support sustainable forest management in Canada.

Conservation and protection
Read about how Canada conserves and protects its forests through strict laws and science-based sustainable forest management practices.

Canada’s strict forest laws
Find out how Canada’s strong system of forest laws, monitoring and enforcement ensures sustainable forest management across the country.


Forest land ownership in Canada
About 94% of Canada’s forests are publicly owned. This ensures strong oversight of forest management activities. Learn more about public and private forest ownership in Canada.

Forest management planning
An approved forest management plan is required before any forestry operations occur on public land in Canada. Learn more about forest management planning in Canada.

Certification of Canada’s forests
Canada has the largest area of third-party-certified forests in the world. Read about how certification provides added assurance that a forest company operates legally and complies with sustainable forest management standards.



Trees damaged by mountain pine beetles

Why forests need fire, insects and diseases
Learn how natural disturbances, such as forest fires, insects and diseases, help boreal and other types of forests stay healthy.

Birch grove

Why Canada is a source of legal forest products
Read about Canada’s forestry laws – some of the strictest in the world – and how they help reduce the risk of illegal logging and associated trade.


Climate change
Learn about climate change impacts on Canada’s forests and ways to adapt, carbon accounting and the carbon budget model, mitigation and international negotiations.