Indicator: Regeneration

In 2015, 543 million seedlings were planted on 370,000 hectares (ha) of provincial forest lands in Canada. Seeding was used to re-establish forests on an additional 7,900 ha.

  • The number of seedlings planted has remained relatively stable since 2013 and is within 1% of the 10-year average.
  • For the past six years, seeding has accounted for less than 4% of the area artificially regenerated.
  • Most regeneration activities occur on harvested lands, so steady rates of regeneration reflect stable harvest levels.

Successful regeneration is required following forest harvesting on Crown lands. Regeneration may be achieved through natural or artificial (planting or seeding) means. The type of forest, type of harvesting method and desired composition of the new forest determine the regeneration method.

Area artificially regenerated and number of seedlings planted on provincial Crown lands in Canada, 2005–2015
Graph displaying, in hectares, the area artificially regenerated and the number of seedlings planted on provincial Crown lands in Canada for each year between 2005 and 2015.
Graph data
Table displays, Area artificially regenerated and number of seedlings planted on provincial Crown lands in Canada, 2005–2015.
Year Area planted
(hectares)
Area seeded
(hectares)
Seedlings planted
2005 416,311 19,481 578,127,000
2006 437,940 20,450 617,270,000
2007 449,635 34,546 625,234,000
2008 414,178 20,597 600,709,000
2009 365,847 15,937 518,602,000
2010 338,921 12,061 476,967,000
2011 347,654 11,202 495,099,000
2012 331,189 10,540 466,310,000
2013 405,285 11,197 535,730,000
2014 387,712 11,906 519,502,000
2015 370,318 7,881 542,963,000

Why is this indicator important?

  • Regeneration activities ensure that harvested areas regrow as forests continue to produce timber and maintain ecosystem services, such as storing carbon, regulating water quality and providing habitat.
  • How forests are regenerated can influence forest composition over time.

What is the outlook?

  • Regeneration is required on all Crown lands in Canada, so virtually all harvested lands will continue to be regenerated.
  • The area regenerated is related primarily to recent harvest levels, which are influenced by market conditions for wood products.
  • The proportions of natural and artificial regeneration are unlikely to deviate from recent trends.
Sources