CUAR-1 Certificate of Analysis

Certified Reference Material: Copper Anode

Printable version of the certificate (PDF, 134.50 kb)

First Issued : December 2003
Version: January 2009

Table 1 – CUAR-1 Certified Values
Element   Unit     Mean   Within-lab Standard Deviation Between-labs Standard Deviation Extended standard uncertainty at 95% confidence
Ag µg/g 294 6 10 ±  7
As µg/g 145 9 15 ± 18
Au µg/g 2.3 0.3 0.4 ± 0.3
Fe µg/g 76 4 13 ±  4
Pb µg/g 864 35 68 ± 36
Sn µg/g 113 22 24 ± 17
Te µg/g 33 4 7 ±  4


Table 2 – CUAR-1 Provisional Values
Element  Unit    Mean   Within-lab Standard Deviation Between-labs Standard Deviation 95% Confidence Interval
Bi µg/g 83 4 12 ±   4
Ni µg/g 4,109 64 434 ± 611
Sb µg/g 798 34 156 ±  56
Se µg/g 26 4 25 ±   4


Table 3 – CUAR-1 Informational Values
Element  Unit    Mean   Standard Deviation No. of Values
Cu % 98.6 0.1 15
Zn µg/g 32 4 15


CUAR-1 is a copper anode donated by Asarco in Amarillo, Texas, USA in January 1994.


The material is in the form of drillings and contains approximately 98% copper plus several elements at trace levels.

Intended use

CUAR-1 is suitable for the analysis of elements at trace levels.  Examples of intended use are for quality control in the analysis of samples of a similar type, method development and arbitration.

Instructions for use

The assigned values pertain to the date when issued.  CanmetMINING is not responsible for changes occurring after receipt by the user. CUAR-1 should be used “as is”, without pre-treatment. The contents of the bottle should be thoroughly mixed before taking samples.

Method of preparation

Three hundred and twenty (320) kilograms of copper anode drillings were subjected to magnetic separation and mixed overnight in a 570-L conical blender. The heat caused by the friction between the copper anode drillings during the mixing led to superficial oxidation of the material. Hence the colour of the drillings is appreciably darker than is normally observed.  The material was degreased and 425 grams were transferred to each of 685 bottles.  This is the only size available.

State of homogeneity

The homogeneity of the stock was investigated using twenty bottles of CUAR-1 chosen according to a stratified random sampling scheme. Two samples were analyzed from each bottle. The analyses were performed by the analytical laboratory of Kennecott Utah Copper Corporation, Magna, Utah. One-gram samples were digested in nitric and hydrochloric acids and the determination was performed using inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy. Due to problems that may be due to instrumental variation that can arise during a long run, these analyses were repeated.

The second assessment of homogeneity for CUAR-1 was performed by the Analytical Services Group of CanmetMINING.  Two samples were analyzed from the remaining portions of the original (20) bottles. Samples of one gram were digested in multi-acid medium and the concentrations of iron, nickel, and lead were measured by inductively coupled plasma – atomic emission spectroscopy. After a multi-acid digestion using one to two gram samples, the determination of silver and gold was performed using atomic absorption spectroscopy.

A one-way analysis of variance technique (ANOVA) was used to assess the homogeneity of these elementsFootnote 1. The ratio of the between-bottles to within-bottle mean squares is compared to the F statistic at the 95% level of probability. No evidence of inhomogeneity was observed for gold, iron, nickel, lead and silver. Further details are available in the certification report, CCRMP Report 03-1E. Use of a sample size smaller than one gram will invalidate the statistical parameters contained herein.


Eighteen (18) industrial, commercial, and government laboratories participated in an interlaboratory measurement program.  Various elements were analyzed by methods of each laboratory's choice.  A one-way analysis of variance technique was used to estimate the consensus value and other statistical parametersFootnote 1. Arsenic, gold, iron, lead, silver, tin and tellurium were given recommended values.  Antimony, bismuth, nickel, and selenium had provisional values assigned. Informational values were given for copper and zinc. The extended standard uncertainty at 95% confidence was calculated only for the certified values from the variance of interlaboratory measurement program and the homogeneity assessment. Full details of all phases of the work, including statistical analysis, the methods and the names of the participants are contained in CCRMP Report 03-1E.

Period of validity

These certified values are valid until December 31, 2031.  Updates will be published on the CCRMP web site.

Legal notice

CanmetMINING has prepared this reference material and statistically evaluated the analytical data of the interlaboratory certification program to the best of their ability. The purchaser, by receipt hereof, releases and indemnifies CanmetMINING from and against all liability and costs arising out of the use of this material and information.

Certifying officers

Joseph Salley – Data Processor
Maureen E. Leaver – CCRMP Coordinator

For further information

The report is available free of charge upon request.

555 Booth Street
Ottawa, ON  K1A 0G1

Telephone: 613-995-4738
Facsimile: 613-943-0573
E-mail: Contact CCRMP


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