Legislation and Regulations

The provincial governments are responsible for mining – the exploration for and the development and extraction of mineral resources, as well as the construction, management, reclamation and closure of mine sites – within their jurisdiction.

Direct federal involvement in the regulation of mining operations is limited and specific in nature. It includes uranium in the context of the nuclear fuel cycle (i.e., from exploration through to the final disposal of reactor and mine waste), mineral activities related to federal Crown corporations, and mineral activities on federal lands and in offshore areas.