The Office of the Chief Scientist gathered and analyzed information between November 2005 and February 2007. Sources included:
- Dialogue with 85 stakeholders through 60 interviews to gather opinions about how NRCan can maximize its impact on the innovation system;
- A review of innovation systems in nine advanced countries — Australia, China, Finland, France, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom, the United States of America — and, more broadly, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to identify trends and attributes of an effective innovation system;
- An exploration of the experiences of five other science-based departments and agencies — Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; Defence Research and Development Canada; Fisheries and Oceans Canada; Environment Canada; and the National Research Council; and
- A study of the evolution of the Federal Government’s S&T landscape and the advice of the federal S&T advisory community — especially the Council of Science and Technology Advisors — to identify significant past, present and possible future policy directions for S&T in Canada.
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