Figure 1 – GEM Project Areas

Figure 1 is titled GEM Project Areas and is found on page 15 of the GEM Evaluation Report.

Figure 1 is a map of Canada, north of 60 degrees latitude, with 17 elliptical circles representing GEM project areas.  Three other elliptical circles with dashed lines represent diamond corridors.  Areas where there is sufficient knowledge to identify potential for resources are represented in green (or a darker shade in black and white) and coincide roughly with the diamond corridors, particularly in the Northwest Territories.  The source for the information is identified as the GEM Coordination Office.

Annex A:  GEM Logic Model

Annex A on page 44 contains the Logic Model for the GEM Program. 

The logic model is titled “Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals (GEM) 2008-2012 Improving Geological Mapping for Informed Resource Exploration and Development.”   The government issue that the Program is designed to address is identified as “helping the Northerners realise their full social and economic potential.” 

The Logic Model diagram illustrates the linkages among a program’s activities, outputs (tangible deliverables), and outcomes.  Activities produce outputs which in turn contribute to the achievement of outcomes.   

GEM Activities
GEM Activities fall into the following three general categories:

  1. Mentor the next generation of geoscientists
  2. Geoscience

The general activity “Geoscience” has four categories of specific activities.  They are:

    1. Geophysical surveys and geological mapping targeted by remote predictive mapping
    2. Specialised geoscience that augments territorial and provincial geoscinece to facilitate energy and mineral exploration.
    3. Studies that help elucidate energy and resource potential, in partnership with Territories and stakeholders
    4. Data integration, database construction and access
  1. Community Engagement

“Community Engagement” involves engaging communities in understanding land-use activities and land-use issues related to a resource-based economy. 

GEM Outputs
The various groups of activities produce associated outputs.

Activity around mentoring the next generation of geoscientists leads to the output of geoscience training and mentoring opportunities for students, professionals, and northerners.

The geoscience activities generate the following seven outputs:

  1. Atlases derived from digital geoscience databases of the North
  2. Improved data coordination methods, protocols, and access
  3. Improved resource potential evaluation methodologies
  4. New framework geoscience maps, databases, and publications to stimulate exploration
  5. New syntheses and concepts to identify new exploration opportunities.
  6. New methods to improve exploration effectiveness, and
  7. Holistic basin assessments for Energy Resources in Northern Canada.

The outputs of community engagement activity are community-level information sessions and engagement.

GEM Outcomes
The outputs contribute to achieving the Program outcomes.  In the GEM Logic Model, outcomes are immediate, intermediate and long-term.  

All of the outputs lead to three immediate outcomes.  They are:

  1. Increased private sector exploration effectiveness and success rates in northern Canada lead to discovery of new significant mineral and energy plays,
  2. Exploration sector has access to enlarged pool of geoscience HQP (Highly Qualified Personnel), and
  3. Community decisions for resource development are informed by new GEM data and knowledge.

An immediate outcome associated with community engagement, but not identified as a direct linkage, is that “Advisory Group of Northerners advise on how Northerners can benefit from GEM and subsequent private sector activity.”

The three immediate outcomes lead to the intermediate outcome “New Resource Discoveries are determined to be of economic interest and environmentally viable for development.”

The intermediate outcome then facilitates the achievement of the long-term outcome “Increased economic prosperity of northern Canada through long term private sector investment in resource development.

Risk Assessment
Strategic and Environmental Risks are also noted on the Logic Model illustration with their associated mitigation strategies, but are not depicted as having direct linkages to the outcomes.  The strategic risk noted is inability to obtain leveraged resources through essential partnerships.  The mitigation strategy is co-planning and staged delivery with partners and funding agencies.  The environmental risk factors identified are global downturn in exploration, change in government priorities, and lack of expertise.  The mitigation is a balance of immediate and long-term impacts, fully utilize National Innovation System and provincial/territorial expertise.

Performance Indicators
Performance indicators for the immediate and intermediate outcomes are listed as follows:

Immediate Outcomes:

  1. GEM actvities and outputs contribute to sustained and/or increased exploration expenditures
  2. Industry modifies exploration strategies based on GEM activities and inputs, and
  3. Community decisions regarding resource development are informed by GEM activities and outputs.

Intermediate Outcomes:

  1. GEM activities and outputs contribute to new resource discoveries
  2. GEM contributes to the local creation and retention of socio-economic benefits in northern Canada, and
  3. community engagement regarding resource development is informed by GEM activities and outputs.

Annex D:  Web Analytics, pp. 49 and 50

Annex D presents two horizontal bar graphs showing the downloads of GEM publications. 

The first graph is titled “Number of publication downloads per domain group - GEM only (not bound by dates).” It presents 12 domains and the number of records downloaded by each domain.  The table below presents the same information.

Domain Number of Records
Federal 719
Commercial 578
.net 307
.ca 264
Minerals, Energy, Exploration, Support 105
Canadian Education 103
Provincial/Territorial/Municipal 61
International 57
Other 38
USA Education (.edu) 25
USA Government (.gov) 10
Org 1

Source: Geospatial Products and Services, Mapping Information Branch,
Earth Sciences Sector, NRCan.

The second bar graph is titled “GEM Downloads by Domain Separated by Fiscal Year”.  It depicts the downloads of GEM publications for three years – 2009, 2010, and 2011.  The same information is presented in table format below.

Domain Number of Records per Year
  2009 2010 2011
Federal 5 146 569
Commercial 5 160 413
.net 18 185 104
.ca 3 113 148
Minerals, Energy, Exploration, Support 4 25 76
Canadian Education 4 23 76
Provincial/Territorial/Municipal 2 19 40
International   9 48
Other   6 32
USA Education (.edu)   6 19
USA Government (.gov)   2 8
Org   1  

Source: Geospatial Products and Services, Mapping Information Branch,
Earth Sciences Sector, NRCan.