Geology of Energy and Minerals

Canada’s Arctic is one of Earth’s last frontiers for natural resource development. As a result mining and oil and gas development will be a key economic development instrument. The region is rich in diamonds, gold, oil and gas, base metals and iron ore. However, much of Canada’s North has not been studied to a sufficient level to encourage and sustain resource investment and to inform land-use decisions such as the creation of parks and other protected areas. Recent and on-going activities, primarily as part of the Earth Sciences Sectors’ Geo-Mapping for Energy and Minerals Program, are improving our knowledge of Canada’s North through the acquisition and rapid release of new geoscience information for targeted areas with high potential for base metals (copper, nickel, iron, zinc and lead), precious metals (gold, silver, platinum), diamonds, and multiple commodities including rare metals. Similar work in the energy domain is providing the detailed geological framework needed to evaluate energy resource potential; supported by maps that indicate the major geological factors controlling the distribution of potential hydrocarbon resources.


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You can search entire collection of geospatial data, topographic and geoscience maps, images and scientific publications.

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Tools and Applications

  • Geoscience Data Repository for Geophysical Data
    (Borehole, Geochemistry, Gravity, Magnetic-Radiometric-EM, Seismic and Magnetotelluric)
    This site allows for you to discover, view and download, free of charge, the following information using these services: airborne and marine geophysics, gravity data, borehole geophysics, and seismic and magnetotelluric data.
  • Lexicon of Canadian Geological Names on-line
    This site provides information about over 12,000 geological names used in Canada. The names are from several sources, now stored in a single database. The names are of two types: lithological units and chronological units. The lexicon is a work in progress; some names remain to be added, others are incompletely described, and many descriptions require updating.

Federal Programs

  • GEM : Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals The Government of Canada is investing $100 million over five years (2008-2013) in its new Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals (GEM) program to provide the geoscience knowledge necessary for private sector exploration companies to guide investment decision, as well as for government to inform land-use decisions such as the creation of parks and other protected areas.
  • Targeted Geoscience Initiative 4: Increasing Deep Exploration Effectiveness The Targeted Geoscience Initiative 4 (TGI-4) is a collaborative federal geoscience program that provides industry with the next generation of geoscience knowledge and innovative techniques, which will result in more effective targeting of buried mineral deposits.