Understanding the tables
AWD = All-wheel drive – vehicle designed to operate with all wheels powered
4WD/4X4 = Four-wheel drive – vehicle designed to operate with either two wheels or four wheels powered
FFV = Flexible-fuel vehicle – vehicle designed to operate on gasoline and ethanol blends of up to 85% ethanol
CNG = Compressed natural gas; NGV = Natural gas vehicle
SWB = Short wheelbase; LWB = Long wheelbase; EWB = Extended wheelbase; # = High output engine
|Vehicle class||Interior volume|
|Minicompact (I)||less than 2,405 L (85 cu. ft.)|
|Subcompact (S)||2,405–2,830 L (85–99 cu. ft.)|
|Compact (C)||2,830–3,115 L (100–109 cu. ft.)|
|Mid-size (M)||3,115–3,400 L (110–119 cu. ft.)|
|Full-size (L)||3,400 L (120 cu. ft.) or more|
|Station wagon: Small (WS)||less than 3,680 L (130 cu. ft.)|
|Station wagon: Mid-size (WM)||3,680–4,530 L (130–159 cu. ft.)|
|Vehicle class||Gross vehicle weight rating|
|Pickup truck: Small (PS)||less than 2,722 kg (6,000 lb.)|
|Pickup truck: Standard (PL)||2,722–3,856 kg (6,000–8,500 lb.)|
|Sport utility vehicle: Small (US)||less than 2,722 kg (6,000 lb.)|
|Sport utility vehicle: Standard (UL)||2,722–4,536 kg (6,000–10,000 lb.)|
|Minivan (V)||less than 3,856 kg (8,500 lb.)|
|Van: Cargo (VC)||less than 3,856 kg (8,500 lb.)|
|Van: Passenger (VP)||less than 4,536 kg (10,000 lb.)|
|Special purpose vehicle (SP)||less than 3,856 kg (8,500 lb.)|
Total displacement of all cylinders (in litres [L]); electric motor peak power output (in kilowatts [kW]); number of engine cylinders
A = Automatic; AM = Automated manual; AS = Automatic with select shift; AV = Continuously variable; M = Manual; Number of gears/speeds (1–10)
X = Regular gasoline; Z = Premium gasoline; D = Diesel; E = E85; B = Electricity; N = Natural Gas
Fuel consumption ratings are shown in litres per 100 kilometres (L/100 km), in miles per imperial gallon (mpg [imperial]) or in miles per U.S. gallon (mpg [U.S.])
City rating – represents urban driving in stop-and-go traffic
Highway rating – represents a mix of open highway and rural road driving, typical of longer trips
Combined rating – reflects 55% city driving and 45% highway driving
The combined rating is calculated using city and highway values that are later rounded for publication. Consequently, vehicles with identical published city and highway ratings may not have identical combined ratings because of the rounding process.
For FFVs, consumption values are provided for both gasoline and E85. For plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), consumption values are provided for electric-only or blended electric and gasoline mode, and for gasoline-only operation.
To help you compare vehicles that use electricity, a conversion factor is used to convert electrical energy consumption values, expressed in kilowatt hours per 100 kilometres (kWh/100 km), into gasoline litres equivalent per 100 kilometres (Le/100 km). One litre of gasoline contains the energy equivalent to 8.9 kWh of electricity.
Estimated annual fuel cost is based on the combined rating, a driving distance of 20,000 km and forecast prices of $1.00/L for regular gasoline, $1.10/L for premium gasoline, $0.95/L for diesel fuel and $0.15/kWh for electricity. Pricing for E85 is not provided.
Note: For model year 2023, the prices are $1.25/L for regular gasoline, $1.45/L for premium gasoline, $1.30/L for diesel fuel and $0.15/kWh for electricity.
For PHEVs, annual fuel cost values reflect a mix of electric mode and gasoline-only operation.
The vehicle’s tailpipe emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) are shown in grams per kilometre for combined city and highway driving. For PHEVs, CO2 emissions values reflect a mix of electric mode and gasoline-only operation.
The vehicle’s tailpipe emissions of carbon dioxide are rated on a scale from 1 (worst) to 10 (best).
The vehicle’s tailpipe emissions of smog-forming pollutants are rated on a scale from 1 (worst) to 10 (best).
For PHEVs and battery-electric vehicles (BEVs), range is the estimated driving distance (in kilometres) on a fully charged battery or full tank of fuel.
For PHEVs and BEVs, recharge time is the estimated time (in hours) to fully recharge the battery at 240 volts.
Converting to miles per gallon
To convert between L/100 km and mpg (imperial), use the following formulas:
mpg (imperial) = 282.48 ÷ L/100 km
L/100 km = 282.48 ÷ mpg (imperial)
To convert between L/100 km and mpg (U.S.), use the following formulas:
mpg (U.S.) = 235.21 ÷ L/100 km
L/100 km = 235.21 ÷ mpg (U.S.)
1 imperial gallon = 1.2 U.S. gallons
Note: Many vehicles now have an onboard trip computer that can display on-road fuel use. In addition to fuel consumption values displayed in L/100 km, fuel economy values are usually displayed in mpg (U.S.).
|L/100 km||mpg (imperial)||mpg (U.S.)|
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