Choosing the right vehicle

There are many things to consider when you buy a new vehicle: price, comfort, styling, environmental factors and more. Choosing the most fuel-efficient vehicle that meets your everyday needs can save you money and help the environment.

It’s worth putting some time into your choice. Consider that fuel consumption can range from less than 2.0 gasoline litres equivalent per 100 km (Le/100 km) for a battery-electric vehicle to more than 20.0 litres per 100 km (L/100 km) for a large SUV.

So driving 20,000 km a year can cost from less than $500 to more than $4,000. Meanwhile, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions can range from 0 to more than 9 tonnes, depending on the vehicle you buy.

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Most fuel-efficient vehicles

Consider your powertrain

A vehicle’s powertrain is made up of the components – such as the engine, transmission, drive shaft, suspension and the wheels – that make a vehicle go. Today, consumers can choose from a wide range of powertrains.

Conventional vehicles offer the greatest selection

Manufacturers continue to improve the fuel efficiency of gasoline and diesel engines. A diesel engine is even more efficient than its gasoline counterpart, but gasoline provides better selection.

Hybrid-electric vehicles, or hybrids, use both a conventional internal combustion engine and an electric motor, which is more energy efficient than a conventional powertrain, especially in city driving. Hybrids have battery packs that are charged with electricity generated by the vehicle. They can’t be plugged in to recharge. When hybrids are operating in electric-only mode, they emit no CO2 or other emissions. The typical hybrid offers fuel savings and CO2 reductions of 20 to 40% over gasoline-only vehicles.

Hybrid-electric vehicles – Video

Learn more about how Hybrid-electric vehicles work and the energy-efficiency benefits they bring.

Transcript

Narrator:

Let’s talk about Hybrids, also known as hybrid electric vehicles.  These vehicles have been on the roads in Canada for about a decade now, and they’re really popular.

Hybrids increase the efficiency of a vehicle AND lower CO2 emissions and therefore greenhouse gas emissions, too.

Let’s get under the hood.

Hybrids use both fuel and electricity, with both internal combustion and electric motors driving the wheels, and batteries that store and distribute energy.

The essential idea of a hybrid electric vehicle is that these two types of propulsion systems work in harmony.

First – a gasoline or diesel or bio-fuel internal combustion engine. It has two jobs – to provide motive power, and to help charge the batteries of the vehicle. 

Second – one or more electric motors. These motors are located in different places in the vehicle depending on the manufacturer.

BOTH motors are connected to a transmission… and out to the driven wheels.

The third component is a battery or series of batteries, which store and send out electricity.

Batteries in hybrid vehicles don’t ever need to be plugged in because their charging needs are met by the management system of the vehicle, and so they are never a draw on the electricity grid or your home electricity bill. 

Hybrid vehicle batteries generally last for the entire lifespan of the vehicle.

Now, the way hybrids manage all of this technology is through a kind of “mission control specialist”, which is, in fact, a computer or series of computers.

They make decisions about where power is coming from, and where it’s going. 

Thousands of times per second, they analyze the state of the charging system, and figure out what you are asking the car to do. 

So… while you’re driving along, using steering, brakes, and accelerator, listening to music from your mobile device, there’s a lot going on.

Here’s a theoretical example of the kinds of decisions that your car might make as you drive in different conditions.

If you’re driving along at 20 km an hour, the car might ask the battery if there is enough power on hand for the electric motor to be your motive power.

If the answer is “yes”, the internal combustion engine turns off.

You are now running on electric power, and depleting the battery resources. 

If the battery resources get too low, the engine comes back on to power the vehicle and to recharge the battery.

If you encounter a hill, or need to accelerate quickly and go at a high rate of speed, the system may allow both internal combustion and electric motors to give you the speed and power you need.

When you coast, your engine shuts off, saving more fuel. And whenever you brake, power goes back to the batteries.

That’s called regenerative braking: energy from the rotation of your wheels while you brake works like a power station, feeding the battery so it can store the charge for future use.

And when you come to a full stop, the system turns off your engine, saving even more fuel.

All systems and accessories continue to function.

Lots of technology – all working in harmony, all very reliable.

And by the way, hybrids also use a number of other design features and technologies to run at peak efficiency, including a highly aerodynamic, low-drag shape, weight savings, and a much smaller and lighter internal combustion engine. 

Hybrids are like having the best of both worlds: on-demand power, significant fuel savings and lowered emissions, and smooth, quiet, emission-free electric motive power as well. 

So if you are looking to improve the fuel efficiency of your vehicle, want to lower your CO2 emissions,

AND if you want to lower the fuel costs of your vehicle, consider a hybrid electric vehicle.

 

Electric vehicles offer the most fuel-efficient choices

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) are hybrids that have high-capacity batteries that can be recharged by plugging them in. When operating in electric-only mode, PHEVs produce no tailpipe emissions.

Battery-electric vehicles (BEV) use electric motors that draw electricity from on-board rechargeable batteries. They are the most fuel-efficient vehicles available, with an average combined consumption rating of 2.3 Le/100 km. BEVs produce no tailpipe emissions.

Buying an electric vehicle

Plug-in hybrid electric, battery-electric, regenerative braking, battery pack, plug-in charger, CO2 emissions, series PHEV, blended PHEV.

Travelling with an electric vehicle

Canada’s growing electric vehicle infrastructure, clean technologies, green infrastructure, financial incentives, zero emission vehicles.

Buying a fuel-efficient vehicle

Fuel-efficient features, vehicle model, carbon dioxide, fuel consumption, powertrain, automatic transmission, manual transmission, variable transmission.