Coal makes up over half of the world’s energy supply. In Canada, there is an abundance of low-cost, indigenous coal across many parts of the nation while other regions have easy access to an international supply. As a result, a well-established coal-fired power sector already exists in Canada, providing close to 18% of Canada’s total electricity generation. Existing coal-fired electric generation facilities are responsible for approximately 14% of Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions.
At CanmetENERGY our scientists seek to provide the Canadian and international energy industries with cost-effective clean coal technologies that reduce emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases. Canadian technology development will also provide export opportunities for power generators and equipment manufacturers, which will in turn foster Canadian-based knowledge generation and innovation.
Our scientists are exploring two pathways to clean coal technology: combustion (oxy-fuel or post-combustion) and gasification. We research equipment and processes that contribute to clean coal technologies such as CO2 capture and compression processes, multi-pollutant control and upstream coal cleaning, and investigate ways to turn coal into coke to improve its energy efficiency and reduce GHG emissions. We also have the expertise and facilities to conduct state-of-the-art analytical work on fuels and emissions assessment.
Our clean coal innovations are facilitating the use of coal as an efficient, cleaner source of energy, and transforming the Canadian coal industry into a leader in the development of clean coal knowledge and technologies.