The process of gasification breaks down nearly any carbon-based feedstock into its basic constituents allowing easy removal of pollutants. Materials that can be gasified include coal, petroleum coke, heavy oils, chemical wastes, biomass, and municipal solid waste. In high-temperature gasification these fuels are reacted with oxygen at high pressure to produce clean synthetic gas for efficient electricity generation. This process can produce feedstocks for high-value chemical products, clean transportation fuels, and hydrogen for near zero emissions power generation and fuel cells.
If properly implemented, gasification technology can greatly reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Advanced gasification technology, with carbon sequestration and storage, can capture and permanently store 90% of the carbon dioxide that would normally be emitted from power and hydrogen production facilities using fossil fuels (including coal). Successful demonstration and implementation of this technology could nearly eliminate coal-related GHG emissions and pollution thus improving Canada’s environment, health, and economic strength.
At CanmetENERGY, world-class laboratory facilities are used by research scientists and engineers to develop breakthrough gasification technologies. In addition, we support technology suppliers in modelling, developing, and testing gasification technologies and processes.