The Nuclear Fuel Waste Act clearly establishes the oversight which the Government of Canada and the Minister will exercise throughout the decision-making process of long-term nuclear fuel waste management in Canada. The Act also makes clear what the responsibilities of the Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) and the utilities are.
Oversight exercised by the Government of Canada and the Minister includes:
- monitoring all relevant NWMO and utility activities;
- reviewing all NWMO reports for any deficiencies;
- deciding on long-term management solution for Canada (by the Governor in Council);
- ensuring trust funds are established and moneys are deposited;
- approving annual charges to the fund as indicated under the Act;
- carrying out independent public consultations as required;
- making public statements on progress being made;
- carrying out ongoing auditing measures; and,
- enforcing compliance as necessary.
Responsibilities of the Nuclear Waste Management Organization include:
- preparing the Study of long-term management options due three years after coming into force of the Act;
- preparing progress reports;
- offering long-term management services to small waste owners;
- consulting with the public, affected communities and Aboriginal populations;
- making all reports available to the public as indicated under the Act;
- carrying out government-approved waste management operations.