Oil-fired water heaters

Energy Efficiency Regulations


The requirements for this product have been updated to reflect Amendment 14 to the Energy Efficiency Regulations, which was published in Canada Gazette Part II on October 31, 2018.

Regulatory definition

Oil-fired water heater, a water heater that:

  • uses oil for fuel
  • has an input rate of not more than 30.5 kW (105,000 Btu/h), and
  • has a Vr of at least 76 L (20 US gallons) but not more than 190 L (50 US gallons)

Compliance date

Manufactured on or after January 1, 2018

Compliant product models

Oil-fired water heaters as listed on NRCan’s searchable database

Testing standard

CSA B211-00 for energy factor

CSA P.3-15 for uniform energy factor

Energy efficiency regulations by province

Some provinces also have their own energy efficiency regulations for many of the federally regulated products – find out which ones!

Energy efficiency standard

Energy performance standard for oil-fired water heaters
If the first hour rating is: Energy factor Uniform energy factor

˂ 68 L (18 US gallons)

Tested to the very small draw pattern

≥ 0.68 – 0.0005 Vr

≥ 0.2509 – 0.00032 Vs

≥ 68 L (18 US gallons) ˂ 193 L (51 gallons)

Tested to the low draw pattern

≥ 0.68 – 0.0005 Vr

≥ 0.5330 – 0.00042 Vs

≥ 193 L (51 gallons) 284 L ˂ (75 US gallons)

Tested to the medium draw pattern

≥ 0.68 – 0.0005 Vr

≥ 0.6078 – 0.00042 Vs

˃ 284 L (75 US gallons)

Tested to the high draw pattern

≥ 0.68 – 0.0005 Vr

≥ 0.6815 – 0.00037 Vs

L = Litres

Vr = the rated nominal volume, typically used in marketing material

Vs = the measured storage volume as defined in the testing standard


A model tested using the Energy Factor (CSA P.3-04) must only submit their Energy Factor (EF) value.

A model tested using the Uniform Energy Factor (CSA P.3-15) must only submit their Uniform Energy Factor (UEF) value.

The Minimum Energy Performance Standard (MEPS) formulae are equivalent in terms of energy performance, even though they may result in a different number. This is due to the parameters of the different testing standards.

A specific conversion equation must be used to make an acceptable comparison between Energy Factor values and Uniform Energy Factor values.

Models tested using one specific UEF draw pattern cannot be compared to another model of a different UEF draw pattern.

Energy efficiency report requirements

  • name of product
  • brand name
  • model number
  • manufacturer
  • name of the certification body or province whose verification mark will be on the product or its package
  • Vr, expressed in litres
  • Vs, expressed in litres
  • input rate, expressed in kilowatts
  • recovery efficiency
  • energy factor, round to the nearest hundredths
  • uniform energy factor, round to the nearest hundredths
  • first hour rating, expressed in litres

Download the energy efficiency reporting template.

This document does not constitute part of the Energy Efficiency Act (Act) or its associated regulations.  This document is an administrative document that is intended to facilitate compliance by the regulated party with the Act and its associated regulations.  This document is not intended to provide legal advice regarding the interpretation of the Act or its associated regulations. If a regulated party has questions about their legal obligations or responsibilities under the Act or its associated regulations, they should seek the advice of legal counsel.