Single package central air conditioners and heat pumps

Energy Efficiency Regulations

Regulatory definition

Central air conditioner, a single-phase or three-phase central air conditioner that is a single package unit and that has a cooling capacity of less than 19 kW (65,000 Btu/h). It does not include a single package vertical air conditioner.

Single package heat pump, a single-phase or three-phase air-to-air heat pump that is a centrally ducted single package unit and has a cooling or heating capacity of less than 19 kW (65,000 Btu/h). It does not include a single package vertical heat pump.

Compliance date

Manufactured on or after January 23, 2010 for through-the-wall central air conditioners or heat pumps
Manufactured on or after January 1, 2017 for all others central air conditioners or heat pumps

Compliant product models

Single package central air conditioners as listed on NRCan’s searchable database
Single package central heat pumps as listed on NRCan’s searchable database

Testing standard

CSA C656-05 for through-the-wall central air conditioner or heat pump

CAN/CSA-C656-14 for all others central air conditioners or heat pumps

Energy efficiency regulations by province

Some provinces also have their own energy efficiency regulations for many of the federally regulated products – find out which ones!

Energy efficiency standard

Energy performance standard for single package air conditioners (AC) and heat pumps (HP) under 19 kW (65,000Btu/h)
Product type Minimum energy performance standard
AC & HP other than through-the-wall or small-duct and high-velocity – cooling SEER = 14
HP other than through-the-wall or small-duct and high-velocity – heating HSPF V = 7
AC & HP – through-the-wall – cooling SEER = 12
HP – through-the-wall – heating HSPF V = 6.4
AC & HP – small-duct and high-velocity – cooling SEER = 12
HP – small-duct and high-velocity – heating HSPF V = 6.3
SEER = Seasonal energy efficiency ratio – the total cooling of a central air conditioner or heat pump in Btu during its normal annual usage period for cooling, divided by the electric power usage in watt-hours during the same period

HSPF = Heating seasonal performance factor (Region V) – the total heating output of a heat pump during its normal annual usage period for heating, divided by the total electric power input in watt-hours during the same time period

Note: To compare U.S. energy efficiency levels for heat pump with Canadian levels, HSPF V is equivalent to HSPF IV/1.15

kW = kilowatts
Btu/h = British thermal units per hour

Energy efficiency report requirements

  • name of product
  • brand name
  • model number
  • manufacturer
  • name of the certification body or province whose verification mark will be on the product or its package
  • Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) classification
  • phase of electric current
  • cooling capacity in kW (Btu/h)
  • heating capacity (if a heat pump) in kW (Btu/h)
  • information that indicates whether the product is through-the-wall
  • for other than through-the-wall products, information that indicates whether the product is small-duct and high-velocity
  • seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER)
  • heating seasonal performance factor (HSPF) and the region for the factor (if a heat pump)
  • stage type the product has, namely, single-stage or multi-stage (if a heat pump)

Download the energy efficiency reporting template.

This document does not constitute part of the Energy Efficiency Act (Act) or its associated regulations.  This document is an administrative document that is intended to facilitate compliance by the regulated party with the Act and its associated regulations.  This document is not intended to provide legal advice regarding the interpretation of the Act or its associated regulations. If a regulated party has questions about their legal obligations or responsibilities under the Act or its associated regulations, they should seek the advice of legal counsel.