Resources - Alternative Fuels

Greening Government Fleets Best Practices
This document outlines a roadmap for what success for greening government fleets will look like. The fleet of the future will be different than today's. It will be optimized and composed of a variety of low carbon vehicle technologies. Its vehicles will be operated efficiently. It will be cost-effective and fiscally responsible. It will have reduced emissions and energy use significantly when compared to the existing fleet. It will also be flexible and well positioned to adopt additional innovative new clean technologies as they enter the market. If followed, the advice and steps outlined in this guide will help to lay the foundation to support this transition over the next decade or more.
Accelerating the Deployment of Zero Emission Vehicles: Atlantic Canada and the Prairies
This study assessed the barriers to and opportunities for accelerated deployment of zero-emission vehicles in the Atlantic Canada and Prairie provinces. Via comprehensive research, aided by two workshops (one in Calgary and one in Fredericton) with local subject matter experts, the study found that certain barriers like lack of charging infrastructure, lack of local awareness and availability of zero-emission vehicles are common in both regions. Solutions tailored to these regions will be required to respond to more local barriers like the absence of a coordinated approach, the state of awareness of the rural versus urban population, or the fear that the uptake of electric vehicles will destroy more and more jobs in the oil and gas industry.
Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure Regulatory Framework.
This report will present an analysis of the existing regulatory framework, including identifying all relevant codes, standards and regulations for the installation and operation of EVSE across Canada.
Scoping Study of Canadian Biomass Inventory Data and Tools
This study identified and described the data, analyses, and tools available and contrasted these with the information resources required to complete a future comprehensive national inventory and regional cost curve assessment. A high-level, order-of-magnitude national inventory of biomass resources and projections on future biomass production was also conducted.
Fuel Switching Opportunities in Canadian Industrial Sectors
This study examined the potential of switching to low carbon fuels (LCFs), associated costs and savings, GHG emission reductions, as well as the readiness of LCFs to be deployed in nine industrial sectors.
Deployment of Mid-Level Ethanol Blends
This study assessed the opportunities and challenges with deploying mid-level ethanol blend fuels for current and future vehicle and engine technologies.
Readiness of Producing and Deploying Liquid Drop-In Fuels in Canada
This study assessed the technological and market-related challenges of producing and deploying liquid drop-in fuels in the Canadian market, including evaluating the production potential and capacity (present and potential market size).
Fuelling Farm Vehicles with Compressed Biogas
This study investigates the technical feasibility and value of using compressed biogas (CBG) as a vehicle fuel to displace diesel in converted farm vehicles. This report presents the entire process of fuelling farm vehicles with CBG including bolt-on biogas conditioning systems for existing biogas facilities to produce vehicle fuel, dual fuel vehicle conversion systems, capital and operating costs and considerations for improving future economics.
CSA Group – North American Hydrogen Codes and Standards Forum
CSA Group conducted a North American Hydrogen Codes and Standards Forum (Forum) in Ottawa on March 22, 2017. The goal of the Forum was to assess current codes and standards activities and identify coordination opportunities to support hydrogen gas vehicles (HGVs) and related infrastructure in Canada, while harmonizing requirements with the United States. The discussion at the Forum highlighted the lack of current information on the Standards Development Organization landscape supporting relevant codes and standards and the need to coordinate activities between the numerous organizations and stakeholders involved.
Applicability of operating compressed natural gas vs liquid natural gas trucks on long-haul routes
This report focuses on (a) understanding the nature of the Canadian Heavy Duty Vehicle (HDV) - Class 8 registered tractor market operating in a “regional haul” model, (b) the experiences gained by the existing Canadian CNG / LNG heavy duty vehicle fleets and (c) the suitability of the ISX12 G (11.9L) Cummins-Westport CNG engine to service that market segment. The specific focus was the Category 1: Tractor Semitrailer with 4 and 5 axles.
Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC)
The RCC was established by Prime Minister Stephen Harper and President Barack Obama in 2011 to increase regulatory coordination between Canada and the United States with the aim of reducing costs for businesses and consumers in both countries. The RCC, which covers 24 initiatives in its 2014 Joint Forward Plan, is one of four priorities in Canada’s Economic Action Plan. NRCan’s RCC initiatives include:
Regulatory cooperation on energy efficiency standards
Regulatory cooperation on natural gas use in transportation
Regulatory cooperation on the classification of explosives
An Update on Renewable Diesel Infrastructure in Canada
Survey the state of existing and planned renewable alternative to diesel blending infrastructure, and understand the types and sources of fuels that will be used to meet both federal and provincial renewable mandates.
Study of Hydrogenation Derived Renewable Diesel (HDRD) as a Renewable Fuel Option in North America
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential for HDRD production and use in Canada. The study also looks at the production process, the properties, the compatibility with existing petroleum infrastructure, potential market penetration, and future development of HDRD.
Evaluation of the Alternative Transportation Fuels Sub-Sub-Activity - Final Report
This report presents the findings of an evaluation of Natural Resources Canada’s Alternative Transportation Fuels Sub-Sub Activity from 2004–05 to 2010–11. The evaluation focused on three programs: Ethanol Expansion Program; ecoENERGY for Biofuels Program; and the National Renewable Diesel Demonstration Initiative. It also covered the oversight of Sustainable Development Technology Canada NextGen Fund, policy, financial and technical analysis functions.
Natural Gas Deployment Roadmap
The Natural Gas Use in the Canadian Transportation Sector Deployment Roadmap explores the potential for natural gas use across the medium and heavy-duty transportation sector.
Guiding Principles for Sustainable Biofuels in Canada
The primary focus of these Guiding Principles is the production of biofuels in Canada. They also serve to reflect Canadian interests regarding the use of biofeedstocks and biofuels in Canada.
NRDDI Final Report
The Report on the Technical Feasibility of Integrating an Annual Average 2% Renewable Diesel in the Canadian Distillate Pool by 2011 provides the results of the NRDDI projects and other applicable research and experience in Canada and the United States to inform the development and implementation of the proposed regulation by Environment Canada.
Provides calculations for the amount of greenhouse gases generated from the time a fuel is extracted or grown to the time that it is converted in a motive energy vehicle to produce power.
Links for many provincial, territorial and national organizations.
Canadian Biofuels Industry Annual Review (2011) (PDF, 460 Kb)
A fact based summary of biofuels industry performance, including financial and operating performance indicators and contextual information on markets and trade.
Hydrogenation- Derived Renewable Diesel (HDRD) Canadian Business Case Analysis (PDF, 614 Kb)
A study on the economics HDRD plants in Canada. Low-cost feedstock seems to be the main economic driver for investment in HDRD plants.
Study of Technologies to Convert Biodiesel to Hydrocarbon Fuels (PDF, 505 Kb)
A technical study on prospective technologies for converting existing biodiesel production capacity in Canada to Hydrogenated-Derived Renewable Diesel (HDRD).
Assessment of Refiner Interest in Producing Renewable Alternatives to Gasoline, Diesel and Jet Fuel (PDF, 504 Kb)
A study that assessed Canadian refiner interest in investing in additional biofuels capacity.