Resources - Alternative Fuels

Fuelling Farm Vehicles with Compressed Biogas
This study investigates the technical feasibility and value of using compressed biogas (CBG) as a vehicle fuel to displace diesel in converted farm vehicles. This report presents the entire process of fuelling farm vehicles with CBG including bolt-on biogas conditioning systems for existing biogas facilities to produce vehicle fuel, dual fuel vehicle conversion systems, capital and operating costs and considerations for improving future economics.
CSA Group – North American Hydrogen Codes and Standards Forum
CSA Group conducted a North American Hydrogen Codes and Standards Forum (Forum) in Ottawa on March 22, 2017. The goal of the Forum was to assess current codes and standards activities and identify coordination opportunities to support hydrogen gas vehicles (HGVs) and related infrastructure in Canada, while harmonizing requirements with the United States. The discussion at the Forum highlighted the lack of current information on the Standards Development Organization landscape supporting relevant codes and standards and the need to coordinate activities between the numerous organizations and stakeholders involved.
Applicability of operating compressed natural gas vs liquid natural gas trucks on long-haul routes
This report focuses on (a) understanding the nature of the Canadian Heavy Duty Vehicle (HDV) - Class 8 registered tractor market operating in a “regional haul” model, (b) the experiences gained by the existing Canadian CNG / LNG heavy duty vehicle fleets and (c) the suitability of the ISX12 G (11.9L) Cummins-Westport CNG engine to service that market segment. The specific focus was the Category 1: Tractor Semitrailer with 4 and 5 axles.
Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC)
The RCC was established by Prime Minister Stephen Harper and President Barack Obama in 2011 to increase regulatory coordination between Canada and the United States with the aim of reducing costs for businesses and consumers in both countries. The RCC, which covers 24 initiatives in its 2014 Joint Forward Plan, is one of four priorities in Canada’s Economic Action Plan. NRCan’s RCC initiatives include:
Regulatory cooperation on energy efficiency standards
Regulatory cooperation on natural gas use in transportation
Regulatory cooperation on the classification of explosives
An Update on Renewable Diesel Infrastructure in Canada
Survey the state of existing and planned renewable alternative to diesel blending infrastructure, and understand the types and sources of fuels that will be used to meet both federal and provincial renewable mandates.
Study of Hydrogenation Derived Renewable Diesel (HDRD) as a Renewable Fuel Option in North America
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential for HDRD production and use in Canada. The study also looks at the production process, the properties, the compatibility with existing petroleum infrastructure, potential market penetration, and future development of HDRD.
Evaluation of the Alternative Transportation Fuels Sub-Sub-Activity - Final Report
This report presents the findings of an evaluation of Natural Resources Canada’s Alternative Transportation Fuels Sub-Sub Activity from 2004–05 to 2010–11. The evaluation focused on three programs: Ethanol Expansion Program; ecoENERGY for Biofuels Program; and the National Renewable Diesel Demonstration Initiative. It also covered the oversight of Sustainable Development Technology Canada NextGen Fund, policy, financial and technical analysis functions.
Natural Gas Deployment Roadmap
The Natural Gas Use in the Canadian Transportation Sector Deployment Roadmap explores the potential for natural gas use across the medium and heavy-duty transportation sector.
Guiding Principles for Sustainable Biofuels in Canada
The primary focus of these Guiding Principles is the production of biofuels in Canada. They also serve to reflect Canadian interests regarding the use of biofeedstocks and biofuels in Canada.
NRDDI Final Report
The Report on the Technical Feasibility of Integrating an Annual Average 2% Renewable Diesel in the Canadian Distillate Pool by 2011 provides the results of the NRDDI projects and other applicable research and experience in Canada and the United States to inform the development and implementation of the proposed regulation by Environment Canada.
Provides calculations for the amount of greenhouse gases generated from the time a fuel is extracted or grown to the time that it is converted in a motive energy vehicle to produce power.
Links for many provincial, territorial and national organizations.
Canadian Biofuels Industry Annual Review (2011) (PDF, 460 Kb)
A fact based summary of biofuels industry performance, including financial and operating performance indicators and contextual information on markets and trade.
Hydrogenation- Derived Renewable Diesel (HDRD) Canadian Business Case Analysis (PDF, 614 Kb)
A study on the economics HDRD plants in Canada. Low-cost feedstock seems to be the main economic driver for investment in HDRD plants.
Study of Technologies to Convert Biodiesel to Hydrocarbon Fuels (PDF, 505 Kb)
A technical study on prospective technologies for converting existing biodiesel production capacity in Canada to Hydrogenated-Derived Renewable Diesel (HDRD).
Assessment of Refiner Interest in Producing Renewable Alternatives to Gasoline, Diesel and Jet Fuel (PDF, 504 Kb)
A study that assessed Canadian refiner interest in investing in additional biofuels capacity.