Any individual can import up to 5,000 rounds of small arms cartridges into Canada without an import permit if they are for personal use (i.e., not for resale). If you plan to resell the cartridges or to import more than 5,000 rounds, you need an import permit. Similarly, you can export and transport in-transit up to 5,000 rounds of small arms cartridges for personal use without an export and transport in-transit permit, but you need a permit if you plan to resell the cartridges or to export and transport in-transit more than 5,000 rounds.
Useful Information From Sources Other Than Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
If you import or export ammunition, you may benefit from additional information from sources other than NRCan and the Explosives Act, and its regulations.
International Import Certificates Issued by Global Affairs Canada
Find out how to apply for an international import certificate. You will find answers to questions such as what an import certificate is and how to go about obtaining one for the importation of firearms and ammunition.
Export Permits Issued by Global Affairs Canada
Look here for information on obtaining an export permit, including how far in advance to apply, what you need to know about the firearm or ammunition, and how to apply online. You can also find the list of controlled firearms and ammunition here.
Information on Importing Firearms From the Canada Border Services Agency
Read up on everything you need to know about bringing a firearm into Canada, including regulations, procedures, firearm specifications, duties, and a list of prohibited firearms.
Information From the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) on Buying Ammunition in the United States
Look here for information on United States regulations affecting Canadian residents who plan to bring firearms and ammunition into the United States or who want to buy firearms and ammunition while there.
Canadian Firearms Program
Start here if you are interested in finding out more about the RCMP Canadian Firearms Program and how it applies to police and public agencies, businesses, Canadian residents, and visitors and non-residents.