Green Construction through Wood (GCWood) Program - Frequently Asked Questions

Timber Bridges Call

What is an eligible project for funding under the timber bridges call?

Eligible projects MUST:

  • Fit under one of the two following bridge types/categories:
    • Traffic – vehicular bridges, including roadway bridges over rivers or train tracks, highway bridges, or
    • Pedestrian – bridges connecting buildings in urban areas, over roadways, highways, rivers or train tracks.
  • Demonstrate the novel use of engineered wood-based products and/or systems and advanced construction technologies, especially those designs that promote longevity and durability by design.
  • Have spans of at least 20 meters. Bridges could be a single span or have multiple spans. Spans can vary depending on the project specifics and use.
  • Be predominantly wood. The proposed project could be all wood or hybrid wood/non-wood, including use of composite technologies such as carbon and glass fibre reinforced polymers (FRP), advanced treatments and high-performance concrete and epoxies.
  • Be located in Canada – ownership of, or long-term access to, the project site must be clearly demonstrated.

Eligible projects MUST NOT:

  • Be a duplication or near-duplication of an existing bridge.
  • Be a temporary installment (designed or intending to be moved to a different location after a number of years).
  • Be predominantly a natural resource extraction bridge (e.g. logging, mining).
What are eligible and ineligible incremental costs for timber bridges?

Incremental costs are defined as additional costs exclusively incurred, and deemed of incremental necessity, for constructing an innovative bridge with wood. These are associated with the design, approval and construction of the wood building solution, including (but not limited to): specific building materials/systems, construction documentation, technical research/feasibility studies, engineering, testing and construction costs, and other related expenditures.

  • Specific building materials in this context refers to the incremental materials that may be required for the construction of a timber bridge, compared to a similar conventional concrete or steel bridge, as part of the design and construction approach adopted for the bridge building system.
  • Examples include: special type of metal connection systems, metal flashing to protect wood from rain, treatments that would be required to enhance the durability/longevity of the bridge, reinforcement material/systems required to maintain the structural integrity of the bridge such as carbon fibre and other treatments that may be required to protect the wood from fire.

The mass timber/wood products used to construct the bridge do not constitute an eligible incremental cost.

Are timber bridges in remote locations eligible?

Yes; however preference will be given to bridge designs that demonstrate higher visibility. Please see Section 3.3.2: Rated Criteria in the Timber Bridges Applicant’s Guide for more details.

Are bridge rehabilitation projects eligible for funding under the GCWood program?

Yes, bridge rehabilitation projects are eligible for funding under the GCWood program so long as they employ new and innovative technologies or materials. While some aspects of the new bridge design may be similar to the original design, projects that receive funding must clearly demonstrate innovative features. Duplications or near-duplications of existing bridges which do not demonstrate innovation will not receive funding through this program.

Low Rise Call

What is an eligible project for funding under the low-rise call?

Eligible projects MUST:

  • Fit under one of the two following categories of building type:
    • Commercial/Industrial, or
    • Office/Institutional.
  • Constitute an advancement of low-rise non-residential wood construction in Canada. This means:
    • The engineered wood-based product/ system is being used for the first time on this scale in Canada/the region, and
    • The construction methodology is innovative and results in time/cost savings, and
    • The engineering package/solution is cost-effective and replicable.
  • Be located in Canada – ownership of, or long-term access to, the project site must be clearly demonstrated

Eligible projects MUST NOT:

  • Be greater than 4 storeys above ground level.
  • Have any residential component – this means the building must not be designed for overnight lodging under any circumstances, regardless of the type of use, length of stay, or how much of the building space is used for residential occupancy.
    • It is important to note that this definition is different from that given under the building codes (National Building Code of Canada or other provincial building codes), where “Residential” occupancy is defined as those type of occupancies that fall under Group C.
What are eligible and ineligible incremental costs for low-rise buildings?

Incremental costs are defined as additional costs exclusively incurred, and deemed of incremental necessity, for constructing an innovative structure in wood. These are associated with the design, approval and construction of the wood solution, including (but not limited to): specific building materials/system, construction documentation, additional code analysis, engineering, testing and construction costs, and other related expenditures.

  • Specific building materials in this context relate to the incremental materials that may be required for a wood building, compared to a similar concrete or steel building, by the building authorities as part of the alternative solution approval. For example, fire officials may require an additional layer of gypsum board to provide added fire safety. The cost of the extra gypsum board would be eligible, as this is specific to the wood building solution design.

It should be noted that the mass timber/wood products used to construct the structure do not constitute an eligible incremental cost.

Other questions

Who is an eligible recipient for GCWood funding?

Eligible recipients are:

  • Legal entities validly registered or incorporated in Canada (including for profit and not for profit organizations, Indigenous organizations and groups, and Canadian academic institutions), or
  • Provincial, territorial, regional and municipal governments and their departments and agencies.
Does a project have to be at a certain stage of development to apply?

Applicants must be at relatively advanced stage in their development and be able to provide a Class “D” cost estimate. However, GCWood will not enter into a contribution agreement if a project has broken ground. Please see question about timelines below to determine when a contribution agreement could be put in place.

What is the timeline for a project to receive funding?

Please see Figure 1: Expression of Interest Application Process and Section 3.4, Part 2: Short-List Project Analysis in the Applicant’s Guide for details.

For low-rise non-residential buildings, the earliest a project could begin to incur reimbursable costs would be summer 2019.

For timber bridges, the earliest a project could begin to incur reimbursable costs would be fall 2019. The GCWood program does not allow for retroactive payments prior to the contribution agreement signature date.

I have multiple projects; should I submit them as one application or as separate applications?

If multiple structures are located on the same site, they should be considered one project and submitted as such.

If one applicant has multiple projects located on different sites, they should submit independent applications for each project.

There is no limit to the number of projects one applicant may submit.

What is the purpose of Green Construction through Wood (GCWood) Program?

The new Green Construction through Wood (GCWood) Program is designed to promote and increase the use of wood as a building material option across the construction industry in Canada. The benefits it aims to achieve include economic growth and GHG emission reductions.

How long will the GCWood Program run?

The program was announced in Budget 2017 and will run for four years, starting on April 1, 2018, and ending March 31, 2022.

Which types of activities will be carried out under the GCWood Program?

Key activities to be conducted under the GCWood Program will include:

  1. Research and development aimed at facilitating changes to the National Building Code of Canada that will allow for taller and larger wood buildings and will support the development of future performance-based building code;
  2. Advanced training and education, and development of design tools for architects, engineers and builders, including course curricula, costing tools and life-cycle assessment tools; and
  3. Demonstration projects to encourage the commercial and regulatory uptake of wood in construction projects such as high-rise buildings, low-rise non-residential buildings and timber bridges.
How many calls for Expressions of Interest will there be under the GCWood Program?

Three calls for Expressions of Interest (EOI) are planned. These three calls target market areas where wood has traditionally been underrepresented as a building material. The first call, for Tall Wood Buildings, closed on December 6, 2017.

The call for Low-Rise Non-Residential buildings was open from September 10, 2018 to December 3, 2018 at 5 pm EST.

The call for timber bridges is open from November 19, 2018 to March 25, 2019 at 5 pm EST. Please refer to the Timber Bridges Applicants’ Guide and Application Form for more details.

How does the GCWood Program differ from the previous Tall Wood Building Demonstration Initiative (TWBDI)?

The TWBDI was effective in advancing tall wood projects (i.e., those greater than 10 storeys) and in supporting the current code change process to allow tall wood buildings. It was delivered with modest funding over four years, from 2013–2017.

The GCWood Program is much larger and broader in scope. It has nearly 10 times the budget for demonstration projects, and its mandate expands the use of wood beyond high-rise buildings to include hybrid buildings, low-rise non-residential buildings, and timber bridges. This is in addition to supporting code changes and advanced training and education for designers, builders and architects.

What lessons from the TWBDI have informed the GCWood Program?

The TWBDI identified several impediments to the broad commercial and regulatory uptake of wood for non-traditional construction applications. The GCWood Program is designed to tackle these impediments. For example:

  1. Lack of regulatory acceptance of wood use in high-rise buildings. There is a need to invest in revising Canadian building codes to allow for the design and construction of tall wood buildings.
  2. Lack of integration between the building design process and the construction process. The need to involve construction managers and construction trades in the design process in order to maximize prefabrication opportunities in tall wood buildings. Prefabrication helps streamline both supply chain considerations (such as materials sourcing, coordination, costs and scheduling) and the overall construction process.
  3. Lack of support by building authorities and other stakeholders such as the insurance industry. The need to engage with building authorities, the insurance industry and other stakeholders to ensure they are well informed about the facts and benefits of using wood for tall buildings and other large-scale construction projects.
  4. Lack of validation of new design concepts related to the innovative use of wood in tall wood buildings and other large-scale construction projects. The need for more research and development activities to better demonstrate wood performance in large-scale construction projects and so ensure regulatory acceptance.
How will demonstration projects be selected?

Successful projects will be identified through an open and transparent competitive process that assesses the technical and business viability against mandatory and rated evaluation criteria. An expert panel will review and rank projects.

How will GCWood Program funds be dispersed?

Non-repayable contributions will be provided to approved projects through contribution agreements. Only eligible activities related to the design, approval, and construction process of building with wood will be funded under this program (see the Application Guide).

Will the approved projects be publicly announced?

Yes. Natural Resources Canada will publicly announce the projects selected for funding, after contribution agreements are signed.

How will GHG reductions achieved by the program’s demonstration projects be determined?

Supported projects under the GCWood Program must demonstrate how the wood-built solution proposed will reduce or mitigate GHG emissions compared with the level of GHG emissions associated with the construction of a similar structure that uses traditional building materials and systems.

Demonstration projects will also be required to provide an estimate of the carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) mitigated (and show how that estimate was calculated).

All of these estimates will be combined to determine the overall direct impact of the demonstration projects. As well, the data will be used to determine the indirect impact or influence the program has had on GHG emission avoidance and sequestration in the construction industry.

Is there a risk of the GCWood Program’s funding creating an unfair advantage for the wood products industry over those industries producing traditional construction materials?

The GCWood Program aims to give designers, builders and consumers more construction options. To that end, it supports expanding the choices available in the marketplace and updating building codes to reflect the latest scientific, technical and environmental knowledge. The successful demonstration of wood use in high-rise and non-traditional construction will enable wood to compete on a level playing field with other building materials while addressing climate change by mitigating GHG emissions.

The program will also, through the demonstration projects and the advanced education components it funds, encourage hybrid building solutions—that is, the use of a range of building materials to meet the demands of tall building construction. The 18-storey wood building at the University of British Columbia, for example, was constructed mainly of mass timber, but also included a concrete first storey and two concrete service shafts.