About 68% of Canada’s forests are coniferous, 16% are mixedwood and 11% are broadleaf.
Canada’s forests account for:
9% of the world’s forest cover
28% of the world’s boreal zone
40% of the world’s forests certified as being sustainably managed
Most of Canada’s forest land (90%) is owned and managed on behalf of Canadians by provincial and territorial governments (public land). Two percent of forest land is under federal jurisdiction and 2% is owned and managed by Aboriginal peoples. The remaining 6% of forest land is on private property.
The provinces and territories have legislative authority over the conservation and management of the forest resources on the Crown land in their jurisdictions.
The federal government has legislative authority over forest resources where those resources affect, or are affected by, matters related to: the national economy, trade and international relations; federal lands and parks; and the government’s constitutional, treaty, political and legal responsibilities for Aboriginal peoples.
In 2015, direct employment in the Canadian forest industry, as measured by Statistics Canada’s System of National Accounts, increased from 2014 levels by 1.5% to 201,645 jobs.
About 70% of all Aboriginal communities in Canada are in forested areas.
Public participation is an important aspect of forest management planning in Canada.
By value, Canada is the world’s leading exporter of softwood lumber and newsprint.
The forest industry contributed $22.1 billion to nominal gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.
The United States is by far the largest buyer of Canadian forest products.
Less than 0.3% of Canada’s forests are harvested annually.
Less than 0.02% of Canada’s forests are deforested each year.
100% of forests harvested on Canada’s public land must be successfully regenerated.
As of December 2015, Canada had 166 million hectares of forests certified as being sustainably managed under one or more of three globally recognized certification systems.
Bioenergy accounts for 60% of the total energy used by the forest industry.