Infographic: Canada's forests by numbers

Canada has the 3rd largest forest area and the most forest certified under sustainable forest management standards in the world.

In this infographic, see the economic and environmental benefits of Canada’s forests; how many hectares of forest are affected by fire, insects and harvesting; and how few hectares are deforested. If you’re unsure of the size of a hectare, you can find that out here, too.

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Infographic: Canada's forests by the numbers

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Graphic composed of 6 circles of different sizes and colours showing the size of Canada’s forest area relative to the world’s forest area and that of 4 other countries, as follows (1) 3,999,134,000 hectares total global forest area; (2) 814,931,000 hectares Russian Federation; (3) 493,538,000 Brazil; (4) 347,069,000 hectares Canada; (5) 310,095,000 hectares United States of America; (6) 208,321,000 hectares China.

Series of graphics on forest certification as follows (1) an icon of a prize ribbon with a checkmark on it and a definition beside it of certification as “third-party assurance that a forest is managed under recognized standards of sustainable forest management”, (2) a circle with text inside stating “48% of Canada’s forests are certified”. An arrow points from the circle to the statistic of 168,000,000 hectares of certified forest area in Canada. A graphic of a forest below the statistic shows 48% of the forest in light green, representing Canada’s certified forest area and the remaining, uncertified forest in dark green as uncertified. (3) a world map showing the 5 countries that account for 68% of global certified forest area, which is 497,854,000 hectares. The five countries are shaded green in increasing intensity according to the percentage of their certified forests as follows: (a) 37% Canada; (b) 11% Russian Federation; (c) 9% United States of America; (d) 6% Australia; (e) 5% Sweden. The five countries are indicated with geographic markers that include a small circle bearing the countries’ flag.

Graphic showing the percentage of forest disturbance caused by insects, fire, harvesting and by deforestation in a pie chart that looks like a cross-section of a tree showing tree rings inside the circle, and brown bark on the outside. The tree cross-section represents Canada’s forest area of 347,069,000 hectares, and four different coloured wedges in the bottom right of the circle represent the areas of disturbance. A circle around the wedges shows a zoomed in view of the wedges, which represent, as follows (1) 5.0% or 17,631,825 hectares area damaged by insects; (2) 0.4% or 1,404,655 hectares burned by fire; (3) less than 0.5% or 779,577 hectares harvested; (4) less than 0.02% or 34,100 deforested. Four icons in colours that match the wedges in the pie chart are depicted with the statistics, including a beetle for insect damage, a flame for fire, a logging truck for harvesting and a barn and silo for deforestation.

A graphic showing 3 squares of different sizes and colours that illustrates the relative size of 1 hectare compared to the size of 1 soccer field and the size of 1 acre, as follows (1) 10,000 square meters is 1 hectare; (2) 1 soccer field is 0.714 hectare; (3) 1 acre is 0.405 hectare.

A series of 3 icons presented with statistics representing economic benefits in 2016: (1) 3 people with a woman in front symbolizing employment of 211,075 people; (2) a coin with a dollar sign in it symbolizing forest industry contributions of $23.1 billion to Canada’s gross domestic product; (3) a person standing beside a tree symbolizing employment of 9,700 Indigenous people in the forest industry.

An series of icons showing environmental and social aspects of forests: (1) 3 bulrushes symbolizing that rivers, lakes, wetlands and other water bodies occupy about 13% of Canada’s boreal zone; (2) a shield with 2 leaves inside symbolizing that Canada has 24 million hectares of protected forest; (3) a seedling symbolizing 574 million seedlings planted in Canada’s forests in 2015.