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Canada in a Changing Climate: National Issues

The Canada in a Changing Climate: National Issues report will focus on climate change impacts and adaptation issues that are of national importance or that would benefit from an integrated, cross-Canada perspective. The report will provide decision makers with a national picture of climate change impacts on our society, natural environment and economy, as well as the adaptation actions being taken to address these impacts. In this report, you can expect to read about:

  • key challenges and vulnerabilities
  • building resilience
  • infrastructure
  • innovation and new adaptation practices
  • sustainability
  • valuing resources
  • costs and benefits

Themes, chapters and lead authors

Theme Chapter Lead Author(s) Affiliation
Resilience of Our People and Society

Cities and Towns

Rural and Remote Communities

Craig Brown

Kelly Vodden

Ashlee Cunsolo

Ryerson University

Memorial University

Memorial University

Our Natural Capital

Water Resources

Ecosystem Services

Al Pietroniro

Michelle Molnar

Environment and Climate Change Canada

David Suzuki Foundation

Our Economy

Costs and Benefits of Climate Impacts and Adaptation

Economic Sector Perspectives

Richard Boyd

Don Lemmen

All One Sky Foundation

Natural Resources Canada

Emerging Issues

International Dimensions

Climate Disclosure, Litigation and Finance

Jimena Eyzaguirre

Paul Kovacs

ESSA Technologies Ltd.

Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction

Meet the lead authors. Natural Resources Canada is leading the development of the Canada in a Changing Climate: National Issues report, with a planned release date of 2021.


National Issues – Lead Authors

Richard Boyd

Richard Boyd – Costs and Benefits of Climate Impacts and Adaptation

Richard is a Senior Fellow - Resilient Communities at All One Sky Foundation, a not-for-profit charitable organization that assists communities at the nexus of energy and climate change. An environmental economist, his research interests include climate change risk assessment and economic decision-making methodologies, and he has authored several resource guides on these topics. Over the last 20 years, he has led numerous assessments of the socioeconomic impacts of climate change on water resources and quality, human health, energy systems and the built environment, as well as the costs and benefits of adaptation actions to inform decision-making at all levels of government, both within Canada and internationally.

Craig Brown

Craig Brown – Cities and Towns

Craig holds a PhD in Environmental Applied Science and Management from Ryerson University and works as an interdisciplinary researcher, consultant, and educator in the areas of urban sustainability and climate resilience. He has supported and managed projects at various scales relating to building and urban design, energy efficiency, climate resilience, flood risk management, green infrastructure, and monitoring and evaluation frameworks.

Ashlee  Cunsolo

Ashlee Cunsolo – Rural and Remote (co-lead)

Ashlee Cunsolo, PhD, is the Director of the Labrador Institute of Memorial University, and a passionate researcher, environmental advocate, and community-engaged social science and health researcher working at the intersection of place, culture, health, and environment. For over a decade, she has been working with Indigenous communities and leaders across Canada on a variety of community-led and community-identified research initiatives, including climate change impacts on physical and mental health, cultural reclamation and intergenerational knowledge sharing within a changing environment, and environmental grief and mourning. In particular, her work in partnership with Inuit in Nunatsiavut on climate change and mental health have become seminal studies globally, and her praxiological contributions on ecological grief and mourning have been widely recognized. She is also a contributing author to the IPCC AR6 North America Chapter and the Health Canada Climate Change and Health Assessment Report.

Jimena Eyzaguirre

Jimena Eyzaguirre – International Dimensions

Jimena is the international team director and business lead for climate change adaptation at ESSA Technologies Ltd. She has 15 years of experience in policy-relevant research and analysis. Her work since 2006 focuses on equipping individuals and organizations to understand and incorporate the implications of climate-related risks and vulnerabilities into plans and decisions that affect environmental and social outcomes. She has a breadth of Canadian and international experience in adaptation and climate resilience, including in program design, policy analysis, vulnerability assessment, knowledge synthesis and monitoring and evaluation. Jimena is vice president of the Canada-Mathare Education Trust, a Canadian charity dedicated to advancing education in Kenya.

Paul Kovacs

Paul Kovacs – Climate Disclosure, Litigation and Finance

Paul is the founder and Executive Director of the Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction (ICLR) at Western University, an independent, not-for-profit centre for multi-disciplinary disaster prevention research and communications. His research interest is insurance and adaptation to climate extremes. This includes action to build communities resilient to damage from urban flooding, tornadoes, catastrophic earthquakes and interface wildfire. Since 1996, Paul has been a volunteer with the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the international body for assessing the science related to climate change.

Don Lemmen

Don Lemmen – Economic Sector Perspectives

Don is a Research Manager in the Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Division of Natural Resources Canada. He obtained his PhD from the University of Alberta in 1988, studying past environmental change in the Canadian High Arctic. Since 2000 he has led development of three Canadian national assessment reports of climate change impacts and adaptation, while contributing to other national, regional and global assessments. Internationally, he has been involved in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process since 2003 and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) process since 2005. Don is currently co-chair of the UNFCCC Adaptation Committee.

Michelle Molnar

Michelle Molnar – Ecosystem Services

Michelle works at the David Suzuki Foundation as an Environmental Economist and Policy Analyst, where she focuses on the conservation of natural capital using various tools of ecological economics, policy analysis, and public outreach. She teaches Introduction to Ecological Economics at the British Columbia Institute of Technology through the Sustainable Business Leadership Program and sits on the board of the Canadian Society for Ecological Economics. Michelle has an M.A. in Public Policy from Simon Fraser University and in Philosophy from the University of Western Ontario.

Kelly Vodden

Kelly Vodden – Rural and Remote (co-lead)

Kelly is Associate Professor and Associate Vice-President of Research and Graduate Studies at Grenfell Campus, Memorial University. She has been engaged in community and regional development research, policy and practice in Canadian rural communities for more than twenty-five years, including projects related to climate change impacts and adaptation in rural regions in British Columbia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) and internationally. Kelly led a multi-year project to investigate and develop tools to assess climate change vulnerability and adaptation options in NL for the federal-provincial Atlantic Canada Adaptation Solutions Association, leading the development of climate change assessment reports for six communities and of a workbook for communities. She has also led several multi-year research projects with colleagues across the country on topics ranging from regional development to the sustainability of rural drinking water systems and community impacts of an increasingly mobile workforce. Kelly has presented and published widely on her work.


Al Pietroniro – Water Resources

Al is Director of Environment Canada Water and Climate Services based at the National Hydrology Research Centre in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. He is Adjunct Professor in the Centre for Hydrology, University of Saskatchewan; Adjunct Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Waterloo and Associate Faculty, Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph. He graduated with distinction from the Agricultural Engineering Program at McGill University. He received Department Scholarships from the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Waterloo and holds a Citation of Excellence, Department of Environment. Al is Canadian Delegate to the WMO Commission on Hydrology; President of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences – Commission of Remote Sensing and a registered professional engineer in the Province of Saskatchewan.

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