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CETC Number 2008-47 / 2006-08-08
Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), the majority of which are located in British Colombia, Newfoundland, Québec, Ontario, Northwest Territories and Yukon. There is also significant untapped low-head hydro potential with heads less than 15 metres, estimated at about 20,000 MW. Refurbishment of old existing or decommissioned small hydro plants presents an opportunity to increase capacity as well. The current small hydro capacity in Canada is approximately 3300 MW (Statistics Canada, 2004) and new capacity is growing at a rate of 150 MW/y.