Natural hazards have the potential to be serious threats to the well-being of Canadians. The outcome can be catastrophic, often resulting in damage to critical infrastructure and the environment, injury to humans, and even loss of life.
Scientists at the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) have been developing remote sensing science techniques using satellite data to better understand, map and monitor natural hazards such as landslides, floods and river ice break-up, with the goal of enhancing the safety and security of Canadians.
Scientists are working with satellite interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar, or satellite InSAR, to measure slope movement and terrain stability on the order of millimetres (Figure 1).
Since 2006, CCRS’ Emergency Geomatics Service (EGS) has been using satellite SAR imagery to derive near-real time, synoptic flood extent products during seasonal floods and river ice break-up. These products provide emergency responders at a range of levels and jurisdictions with critical information required for emergency response.
Canada’s RADARSAT Constellation Mission launched in June 2019, and the European Space Agency’s Sentinel-1, will enable more frequent and improved monitoring of ground movement, landslide areas, river ice break-up and floods.
Natural Hazards Publications
Find out more about techniques developed at CCRS to monitor permafrost activity and critical infrastructure.
Find out how SAR techniques are being used to map the extent of seasonal flooding and river ice break-up in Canada and abroad.
- Remote Sensing Science
- Climate Change Science
- Remote Sensing Publications
- Educational Resources:
- Articles, Videos and Podcasts:
- Monitoring Centimetre Movements from Space (Byte-Sized Science)
- Mapping a Flood: every minute counts
- Prototype flood map app captures what satellites can’t
- Using Satellites to Monitor Floods (Natural Elements)
- Flood Monitoring using Satellite Imagery (Science at Work)
- Canada as Never Seen Before: the RADARSAT Constellation Mission