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With support from the Government of Canada, through Sustainable Development Technology Canada (SDTC), New Flyer Industries will develop and build four electric buses and a high-capacity charging station. The project will then carry out a four-year in-service evaluation of a small fleet of buses with Winnipeg Transit to examine the high-capacity charging system, battery capacity and component life and reliability. The four electric buses will contribute to reducing Winnipeg Transit fleet’s greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria air contaminants (CAC) emissions.
Through on-going technology improvements, such as the introduction of hybrid power, bus manufacturers have reduced their fleets’ GHG emissions and production of criteria air contaminants – chemicals and airborne particulate that contribute to smog, poor air quality and acid rain. Since the primary fuel source for transit buses remains conventional diesel fuel, GHG emissions remain high in the public transportation sector. New Flyer electric buses provide a solution, and Manitoba’s power generation provides an opportunity to further the environmental benefits of this demonstration project.
Manitoba generates close to 98% of its electricity through renewable hydro-power. Using electricity generated from Manitoba’s electricity grid, this demonstration project will result in higher than average GHG reductions for a similar project where electricity is generated using a mix of renewable and non-renewable energy sources. During the four-year in-service evaluation the electric buses will produce no tail pipe emissions. That is the equivalent of reducing annual CO2 equivalent emissions by 160 tonnes when compared to a diesel bus, or reducing annual CO2 equivalent emissions by 112 tonnes compared to a hybrid bus.
Most North American electrical grids receive power from a mix of renewable and non-renewable energy resources. Significant reductions are still expected when charging electric buses using a typical electricity grid. For example, when compared with a hybrid bus, it is estimated that using an electric bus will reduce CO2 equivalent emissions by 90 tonnes. Electric buses may also significantly reduce operating costs and total life cycle costs when compared with diesel and hybrid buses.
Other Contributing Partners (Consortium Members):
New Flyer Industries Canada ULC
The Board of Governors of Red River College
Government of Manitoba
The City of Winnipeg Transit
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