Certified Reference Material: Gold Ore
Printable version of the certificate (PDF, 140.35 kb)
First issued: September 2004
Version: January 2010
|Between- Labs Standard
|Expanded Uncertainty at 95% Confidence|
|Element||Unit||Mean||Within Lab-Standard Deviation||Between-Labs Standard Deviation||95 % Confidence Limit|
|Element||Unit||Mean||Standard Deviation||Element||Unit||Mean||Standard Deviation|
LOI = loss on ignition
The source material for CH-4 was donated by Corporation Minière Inmet, Division Troilus, Chibougamau, Quebec in 2000. After crushing, milling, sieving and blending, the yield was 37%. The material is a fine powder with a mesh size of less than 45 µm (325 mesh) which comes in a glass bottle containing 200 g. This is the only size available. The host rock of the raw material is meta-anorthosite. The mineralogy includes pyrrhotite, pyrite and chalcopyrite, and small amounts of sphalerite, galena and molybdenite.
CH-4 is suitable for use in applications involving the analysis of various elements in gold ores with a siliceous matrix. Examples of intended use are for quality control in the analysis of samples of a similar type, method development, arbitration and the calibration of equipment.
Instruction for use
CH-4 should be used “as is”, without pre-treatment. The contents of the bottle should be thoroughly mixed before taking samples. The material can be stored at room temperature and pressure with no special precautions.
Normal safety precautions such as the use of safety glasses, breathing protection for fine particulate matter, gloves and a laboratory coat are suggested.
Level of homogeneity
Twenty-two bottles of CH-4 were chosen according to a random stratified sampling scheme. Samples were analyzed from two splits taken from each selected bottle. Gold and silver in 30-g samples were determined using fire assay fusion with lead collection followed by atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAA). Samples of 0.25 g were digested in hydrochloric, nitric, perchloric and hydrofluoric acids and the resulting solution was analyzed for copper using FAA. Samples of 1 g were analyzed for carbon and sulphur using a combustion furnace.
A one–way analysis of variance technique (ANOVA) was used to assess the homogeneity of these elements (1). The ratio of the between-bottles to within-bottle mean squares is compared to the F statistic at the 95% level of probability. No evidence of inhomogeneity was observed for these five elements. Further details are available in the certification report. Use of a sample mass smaller than indicated for each element will invalidate the statistical parameters contained herein.
Thirty-three industrial, commercial, and government laboratories participated in an interlaboratory measurement program. Gold was analyzed by a variety of fire assay methods and instrumental neutron activation. Silver was analyzed by a variety of acid digestions, fire assay and instrumental neutron activation. Other elements were analyzed by various acid digestions, fusion, x-ray fluorescence, inductively coupled plasma – optical emission spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma – mass spectroscopy and instrumental neutron activation.
A one-way analysis of variance technique was used to evaluate the data with regards to the criteria for certification and to estimate the consensus value and other statistical parametersFootnote 1. The two criteria for certification involve the agreement of within- and between-laboratories standard deviations and the number of sets with acceptable agreement. Table 1 contains the means and associated statistical parameters for the certified elements. The expanded uncertainty at 95% confidence was calculated for the certified values from the variance derived from the interlaboratory program and the homogeneity assessment, if performed, as in the case of gold, silver, copper, and sulphur. Full details of all phases of the work, including statistical analysis, the methods and the names of the participants are contained in CCRMP Report 04-2E.
Table 2 contains the provisional elements which did not meet either one or both of the two criteria for certification. Table 3 contains the informational values calculated from the mean of two or more sets of results which were considered to be in good agreement.
The certified values quoted herein are based on the consensus value derived from the statistical analysis of the data from the interlaboratory measurement program.
Date of certification
The first issue of CH-4 was September 2004. The May 2005 certificate contains revised certified or provisional values for aluminum, arsenic, iron, magnesium, potassium, silica, sodium and sulphur. Also, the expanded uncertainty at 95% confidence instead of the 95% confidence interval is used. The May 2005 version of the certificate was re-issued in January 2010 with no changes due to the expiration of the former.
Period of validity
These certified values are valid until December 31, 2032. The stability of the material will be monitored every five years. Updates will be published on the CCRMP web site.
CanmetMINING has prepared this reference material and statistically evaluated the analytical data of the interlaboratory certification program to the best of its ability. The purchaser, by receipt hereof, releases and indemnifies CanmetMINING from and against all liability and costs arising out of the use of this material and information.
Maureen E. Leaver
For further informations
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Ottawa, ON K1A 0G1
E-mail: Contact CCRMP