Minerals and Metals Facts

Canada’s minerals sector is a mainstay of the national economy that supports jobs and economic activity in every region. Explore how the minerals sector contributes to the Canadian economy and our everyday lives.

Minerals and the economy

Key facts

  • In 2016, Canada produced 60 minerals and metals worth nearly $41 billion.
  • The minerals sector, which includes mining, primary processing and metal product manufacturing, directly employed 403,000 individuals in 2016.
  • In 2011, Indigenous people accounted for 8% of the labour force in the mining and quarrying industry, making it the largest private sector employer on a participation basis.
  • Valued at $88.6 billion in 2016, Canada’s minerals and mineral products accounted for 18.9% of total domestic exports.
  • Canadian exploration and mining companies have mining assets abroad worth $171 billion invested in more than 100 countries as of 2015.
  • A total of $1.6 billion was spent in 2016 on exploration and deposit appraisal projects in Canada.

Minerals and Metals

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