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Community Engagement and Readiness

Compendium of Case Studies

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Improving community engagement and readiness is one of the key elements in maximizing the local benefits of activities related to mineral development. As such, the federal, provincial, and territorial governments, through the Energy and Mines Ministers' Conference, have produced a Compendium of Case Studies to highlight good practices in community engagement and readiness. The Compendium seeks to achieve three main objectives:

  1. Identify and promote some of the initiatives by governments, industry, and communities that have yielded positive results and have helped improve, or could contribute to improving, community engagement and readiness for mining-related activities across Canada for both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities;
  2. Disseminate good practices across jurisdictions to enhance the knowledge base and facilitate the steady, productive, inclusive and responsible development of resources; and
  3. Leverage good practices by industry, communities, and governments across Canada by identifying success factors in initiatives that have helped improve community engagement and readiness under different circumstances.

The Compendium comprises case studies that span the mineral development sequence, ranging from the execution of geo-mapping, to exploration, mine development and production, all the way to mine closure and the reclamation of depleted mine sites.  It is hoped that the information compiled will help industry, governments, and communities develop and implement initiatives that replicate success across Canada.

Individual Case Studies

A flowchart showing the mineral development sequence, from pre-exploration to post-closure.


Text version

The figure shows the mineral development sequence. The sequence starts with pre-exploration and exploration and follows with mine development, operation, closure, and post-closure. There are various activities happening at each step of the sequence, including: 

  • geo-mapping and development of a land-use plan during pre-exploration;
  • claim staking, permits acquisition, preliminary assessment of resources, and environmental baseline work during exploration, which can span 7 to 10 years;
  • economic feasibility study, investment plan and financing, mine design, construction and engineering, environmental assessments (EA) and approvals, and approvals of mine closure plan during mine development, which can span 5 to 10 years; 
  • EA compliance and mine-life extension (i.e., brownfield exploration) during mine operation, which can span 5 to 30 years;
  • approvals of the final mine closure plan, decommissioning, reclamation, monitoring, and EA compliance during closure, which can span 2 to 10 years; and
  • monitoring and EA compliance during post-closure.

In addition, community readiness and engagement are necessary throughout the sequence in order to maximize the benefits to communities from mining-related activities.

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