The international certification scheme requires that trade in rough diamonds be exclusively amongst Kimberley Process participants. Canada may trade in rough diamonds with participants listed on the Export and Import Rough Diamonds Act's Schedule.
Step 1: Understanding the Requirements Associated with Importing Rough Diamonds into Canada
The Canada Border Services Agency “Memorandum D-19-6-4” outlines the requirements and controls for the import of rough diamonds into Canada. A certificate issued by the exporting Kimberley Process authority is required to accompany imports of rough diamonds into Canada.
This certificate ensures that the rough diamonds for import have been handled in a manner that meets the minimum requirements of the Kimberley Process.
Shipments that have not been packaged according to international agreements (e.g. if they appear to have been opened) may be detained or seized. Information about the packaging and sealing of rough diamond containers is set out in the Import and Export of Rough Diamonds Regulations.
Step 2: Reporting the Import
Importers must present a valid Kimberley Process Certificate from a participating country to a Canadian customs officer at the point of entry. The customs officer will stamp the certificate, and the importer must send the original certificate by courier or mail to the Kimberley Process Office.
Kimberley Process Office
Minerals and Metals Sector
Natural Resources Canada
580 Booth Street, 10th Floor
Ottawa ON K1A 0E4
Toll-free tel.: 1-866-539-0766
Email: Kimberley Process Office
Step 3: Maintaining Records on Imported Rough Diamonds
It is important to retain records related to imported diamonds for three years. Should you wish to re-export any imported rough diamonds, you will require a Canadian Kimberley Process Certificate. In this case, the information required to obtain a Canadian Certificate will include information from the Kimberley Process Certificate that accompanied the diamonds on import.