Minerals and Metals Facts

Canada's minerals sector is a mainstay of the national economy that supports jobs and economic activity in every region. Explore the Minerals and Metals Facts to learn how the minerals sector contributes to the Canadian economy and our everyday lives. These facts include data, statistics and information on mineral and metal uses, production, trade, prices, employment and many other themes.

Minerals and the economy
Minerals and Mining Interactive Map

Key facts

  • In 2018, Canada produced over 60 minerals and metals worth nearly $47 billion. Metals represented over 50% of total production
  • Canada is a leading global producer of many minerals including those used in advanced battery technologies, such as cobalt (6th), graphite (3rd) and nickel (6th)
  • The minerals sector, which includes mining, primary processing and metal product manufacturing, directly employed 409,000 individuals in 2018
  • Indigenous people accounted for 12% of the labour force in the mining industry in 2016, up from 8% in 2011, and which ranks mining in second place for Indigenous representation
  • Canada's domestic exports of mineral and metal products reached $105 billion in 2018, accounting for 19% of total merchandise exports
  • In 2018, mineral exploration expenditures in Canada increased 6% to 2.3 billion

Minerals and Metals

Find out more