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Minerals and Metals Facts

Canada's minerals and metals sector is a mainstay of the national economy that supports jobs and economic activity in every region. Explore the Minerals and Metals Facts to learn how the minerals and metals sector contributes to the Canadian economy and our everyday lives. These facts include data, statistics and information on mineral and metal uses, production, trade, prices, employment and many other themes.

Minerals and the economy
Minerals and Mining Interactive Map

Key facts

  • In 2019, Canada produced over 60 minerals and metals worth nearly $48 billion. Metals represented over 50% of total production and, more specifically, gold accounted for about 20% of the total.
  • Canada is a leading global producer of many minerals including those used in advanced battery technologies, such as graphite (5th) and nickel (5th).
  • The minerals sector, which includes mining, primary processing and metal product manufacturing, directly employed 392,000 individuals in 2019.
  • Indigenous people accounted for 12% of the mining industry’s labour force in the 2016 census, up from 8% in 2011, which ranks mining amongst the leading industries for Indigenous representation.
  • Domestic exports of mineral and metal products reached $106 billion in 2019, accounting for 19% of Canada’s total merchandise exports.
  • In 2019, $2.3 billion was invested in mineral exploration in Canada. Precious metals (mainly gold) were the most sought-after commodities, accounting for 57% of the spending. 

Minerals and Metals

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