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ARCHIVED - Goal 3: To provide Canadians with strategies that reduce environmental impacts in the natural resources sector

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Progress Report for Sustainable Development Strategy - Now and for the Future

Objective 3.1 Canada addressing its international Kyoto commitment to reduce greenhouse gases

3.1.1 Reduce GHG Emissions
Number Description Status By 2001, complete discussions with provincial and territorial governments on areas of mutual interest, cost-sharing and joint action. Completed. By 2003, fully implement Action Plan 2000, to take Canada one third of the way to achieving its target established in the Kyoto Protocol. Completed. All Action Plan 2000 programs were up and running as of 2003. A comprehensive review of the program will be undertaken in 2005. By 2003, Expand Energy Innovators Plus program to have 50 more pilot projects to demonstrate energy savings from retrofits. Completed. By 2003, develop guidelines, design tools and standards to allow residential and commercial Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning to use advanced generation and low energy systems. Completed. By 2003, 50 per cent weight and 25-35 per cent cost reductions in small-scale fuel cell systems for portable and other applications, and 10-15 per cent weight reduction in vehicular fuel cell systems. Completed. By 2002, establish alloying and processing conditions for production of high strength steel for automotive applications. In progress. This initiative is ongoing within the Canadian Lightweight Materials Research Initiative (CLiMRI). By 2003, develop gas sensors and actuators for enhancing energy efficiency and reduced emissions. Completed. By 2003, develop aluminum casting technology for the automotive industry. Completed. Work continues on this initiative. To this end, a three-year contract has been approved by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). By 2002, develop new driver examiners’ curriculum to include fuel efficiency awareness, in partnership with provinces. Not completed as the original provincial partner has withdrawn its support; however, an agreement with a new provincial partner is anticipated for 2004/05. By 2003, resolve technical issues and develop engineering data for new/existing materials and technology associated with the use of supplementary cementing materials to replace Portland cement in concrete. In progress. Recommendations will be made to the committee in charge of the existing test method for possible modifications. A report on the monitoring of test specimens exposed outdoors for Alkali Aggregate Reactivity is being prepared and will be completed by the end of March 2005. By 2003, complete demonstration projects in India on the use of high volume fly ash concrete for housing and highway applications. Completed. The Bandra-Worli Sea Link project was completed and a number of other projects are in the final stage of development and will be completed by March 2005.

Objective 3.2 Science, technologies and stewardship practices that reduce environmental impacts, conserve biodiversity, and increase the efficiency of resource development and use

3.2.1 Undertake science and technology to reduce environmental impacts
Number Description Status By 2003, reduce manufacturing and delivery costs of wind turbine blades and control systems by 10 per cent. Completed. By 2002, implement a new post-Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) program which will address the priority mine closure issues identified through an extensive stakeholder consultation process. Completed. By 2003, provide data which will assist in making informed decisions on sludge disposal options. Completed. By 2003, evaluate laboratory methodologies for predicting long-term performance of pipeline coatings. Completed. By 2003, develop standardized methodologies for screening corrosion inhibitors for pipelines. Completed. By 2003, expand current scientific knowledge base in order to develop smart sensors for detecting pipeline failures. Completed. From 2000 to 2003, catalogue and monitor local indicators for non-timber forest uses. Completed. By 2003, complete study on the impacts of climate change on biodiversity. Completed. By 2003, develop models of local and regional socio-economic impacts of climate change. Not completed. Activity on this study has been slow to progress due to lack of resources and acquiring the necessary expertise to undertake the work.
3.2.3 Research and development in support of a diversified energy base
Number Description Status By 2001, develop a Canada-Saskatchewan MOA on the clean-up of abandoned uranium mine and mill tailings. Completed. By 2003, complete a series of decisions relating to the rationalization, refurbishment and modernization of AECL’s nuclear research laboratories, including the closure of Whiteshell Laboratories and the privatization of AECL’s Waste Technology Business Unit and Underground Research Laboratory (URL). It is also anticipated that a decision regarding the replacement of the NRU research reactor will be made in the 2001-2002 time-frame. Decisions were taken concerning the rationalization, refurbishment and modernization, however, no buyer has come forward for AECL's Waste Technology Business Unit or Underground Research Laboratory. No decision has been made regarding the replacement of the NRU research reactor yet. In the meantime, AECL is currently working on obtaining regulatory approval to extend the operating licence of the NRU beyond 2005.

Objective 3.3 Canada’s environment safeguarded from the risks associated with natural resource development and use

3.3.1 Undertake science for risk assessment and policy making
Number Description Status By 2003, complete research to extend to alloys the application of the draft transformation protocol developed for the OECD hazard classification of metals. Completed. By 2003, provide an approved methodology for alternative criteria to Persistence, Bioaccumulation for hazard assessment and classification of metals. Completed. By 2003, develop an improved life-cycle assessment (LCA) model which is applicable to metals. Completed. By 2003, produce reports which outline the origin of subsea permafrost, and define the effects of ice scour on the sea bed and the erosion rate of the coastline. Completed. By 2003, produce reports on the distribution of extreme ice scour depths to constrain pipeline burial depths and distribution of subsea permafrost to constrain production structure design and regulation, and processes controlling coastal instability. Completed.

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