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Energy Facts

Energy and the economy
Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHGs)

Energy is critically important to the Canadian economy as Canada is among the largest energy producers and the highest per-capita energy consumers in the world.

Learn more about Canada’s energy

Crude oil

Crude oil key facts

  • Canada is the world’s third largest crude oil exporter
  • 97% of Canada’s proven oil reserves are located in the oil sands
  • GHG emissions per barrel of oil produced in the oil sands in 2018 was 36% less than in 2000

Learn more about crude oil

Petroleum products

Petroleum products key facts

  • Petroleum products are derived from crude oils
  • Canadian refineries can process over 1.9 million barrels of crude oil per day
  • Canadians consumed 106 billion litres of refined petroleum products in 2018

Learn more about petroleum products

Hydrocarbon gas liquids

Hydrocarbon gas liquids key facts

  • Hydrocarbon gas liquids (HGLs) include natural gas liquids (NGLs) (propane, butane, and ethane) and olefins
  • In 2019, Canada exported 243.8 thousand barrels of HGLs per day
  • NGLs are used for residential and commercial heating, cooking fuel, blending with vehicle fuel, diluent for heavy oil and bitumen, and for the production of fertilizers

Learn more about hydrocarbon gas liquids

Natural gas

Natural gas key facts

  • Natural gas is composed primarily of methane and may contain varying amounts of natural gas liquids (ethane, propane, butane, and pentane) and non-energy components
  • Canada is the fourth largest producer and sixth largest exporter of natural gas

Learn more about natural gas


Electricity key facts

  • 67% of Canada’s electricity comes from renewable sources and 82% from non-GHG emitting sources
  • Canada is the world’s second largest producer of hydroelectricity
  • Canada exported about 10% of the electricity it generated in 2018 to the United States

Learn more about electricity

Renewable energy

Renewable energy key facts

  • Renewable energy is generated from solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, hydropower and ocean resources, solid biomass, biogas and liquid biofuels
  • Wind and solar photovoltaic energy are the fastest growing sources of electricity in Canada
  • 16.3% of Canada’s energy comes from renewables

Learn more about renewable energy

Uranium and nuclear

Uranium key facts

  • Uranium is a metal that is mined, milled, refined, converted, and finally used to fuel nuclear power generation
  • Canada is the world’s second largest producer and fourth largest exporter of uranium
  • Nuclear power plants generate about 15% of Canada’s electricity

Learn more about uranium and nuclear energy


Coal key facts

  • Coal is a mineral deposit rich in carbon
  • Canada exported 37 megatonnes (Mt) of coal and imported 8 Mt in 2019
  • In December 2018, Canada announced regulations to phase-out traditional coal-fired electricity by 2030

Learn more about coal

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