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Clean Power and Low Carbon Fuels

Clean power and low carbon fuels are crucial for Canada to meet climate goals. The majority of electricity generation in Canada comes from non-greenhouse gas emitting sources and Canada is a world leader in hydroelectricity, nuclear power and hydrogen. Wind and solar photovoltaic energy are the fastest growing sources of electricity in Canada, while biofuels and electric vehicles also play an important role in reducing the climate impact of transportation in Canada.

Learn more about Clean power and low carbon fuels in Canada in Section 5 of the Energy Fact Book including:

Clean technology and electricity mix

Renewable energy

Biofuels and Transportation

Key facts

  • In 2019 Canada produced 635 terawatt hours of electricity.
  • 67% of Canada’s electricity comes from renewable sources and 82% from non-GHG emitting sources such as solar, hydro, wind and nuclear power.
  • Canada is the world’s third largest producer of hydroelectricity. 59% of Canada’s electricity comes from hydroelectric sources.
  • In 2020, Canada was the world’s fourth largest producer and sixth largest exporter of uranium. Nuclear power plants generate about 15% of Canada’s electricity.
  • Canada exports about 11% of the electricity it generates to the United States.
  • Transportation GHG emissions have increased 28% from 2000 to 2019.
  • In 2020, electric vehicle (EV) sales made up 3.5% of total vehicle sales. More than twice the amount of EVs were sold in 2020 compared to 2017.

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