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Energy Efficiency

There are a variety of ways in which Canadians use energy: in transportation, industrial production, commercial and institutional spaces, agriculture, and in our homes. Technological advances leading to improved energy efficiency help Canadians use less energy while continuing to meet their daily needs, therefore contributing to Canada’s climate goals.

Learn more about energy efficiency in Canada in Section 4 of the Energy Fact Book including:

Energy use

Efficiency trends

Key facts

  • Canada’s primary energy use in 2018 was 13,486 PJ.
  • Canada’s secondary energy use in 2018 was 9,694 PJ. Total secondary energy use increased 19% from 2000 to 2018.
  • 81% of residential energy consumption, and 59% of commercial and industrial energy consumption is used for space and water heating.
  • Residential energy use increased 8.4% since 2000 but would have increased by 36% without energy efficiency improvements.
  • Per capita energy consumption was 2% lower in 2018 than in 2000.
  • Canada used 17% less energy per dollar of GDP in 2018 than in 2000.

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