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Geology of Energy and Mines

Canada’s Arctic is one of Earth’s last frontiers for natural resource development. As a result mining and oil and gas development will be a key economic development instrument. The region is rich in diamonds, gold, oil and gas, base metals and iron ore. However, much of Canada’s North has not been studied to a sufficient level to encourage and sustain resource investment and to inform land-use decisions such as the creation of parks and other protected areas. Recent and on-going activities, primarily as part of the Earth Sciences Sectors’ Geo-Mapping for Energy and Minerals Program, are improving our knowledge of Canada’s North through the acquisition and rapid release of new geoscience information for targeted areas with high potential for base metals (copper, nickel, iron, zinc and lead), precious metals (gold, silver, platinum), diamonds, and multiple commodities including rare metals. Similar work in the energy domain is providing the detailed geological framework needed to evaluate energy resource potential; supported by maps that indicate the major geological factors controlling the distribution of potential hydrocarbon resources.


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